Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/11612
Title: Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Remains of 18th–19th Century Slaves, Brazil
Authors: Jaeger, Lauren H.
Souza, Sheila M. F. M.
Dias, Ondemar F.
Iñiguez, Alena M.
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Instituto de Arqueologia Brasileira. Belford Roxo, RJ, Brasil..
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: Nineteenth century Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was marked by increased illness and deaths from tuberculosis (TB). By the twentieth century, it was still believed that most TB cases in the Americas originated from Europe; the “virgin soil” hypothesis for African (1) and Amerindian populations was accepted. However, modern and archeological DNA evidence confirms the wide distribution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) and TB in the Old and New Worlds. Rio de Janeiro was a main entry port for millions of Africans captured for the slave trade. Pretos Novos (New Blacks) Cemetery (PNC; 1769–1830) was created in Rio de Janeiro as a burial ground for the many slaves who died at market. Comingled bone fragments (≈5,000) from ≈30 persons were recovered at PNC; most bones were broken and had been exposed to fire (2,3). Bioanthropological analysis determined most of the bones were from men 18–25 years of age (2); none had lesions consistent with TB....
Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis
18th–19th Century
Brazil
Slaves
keywords: Século XVIII
Século XIX
Tuberculose
Escravidão
Brasil
DeCS: Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Escravos
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Citation: JAEGER, Lauren H.: et al. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Remains of 18th–19th Century Slaves, Brazil. Emerging Infectious Diseases, v.19, n.5, p.837-839, May 2013.
DOI: 10.3201/eid1905.120193
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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