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|Title:||Co-Infection and Wild Animal Health: Effects of Trypanosomatids and Gastrointestinal Parasites on Coatis of the Brazilian Pantanal|
Jansen, Ana Maria
Herrera, Heitor Miraglia
Bianchi, Rita de Cassia
D`Andrea, Paulo Sergio
Mourão, Guilherme de Miranda
Gompper, Matthew Edzart
|Affilliation:||Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Biologia e Parasitologia de Mamíferos Reservatórios. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.|
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Biologia de Tripanosomatídeos. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade Católica Dom Bosco. Laboratório de Parasitologia Animal. Campo Grande, MS, Brasil.
Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”. Departamento de Biologia Aplicada à Agropecuária. Jaboticabal, SP, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Biologia e Parasitologia de Mamíferos Reservatórios. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária. Centro de Pesquisa Agropecuária do Pantanal. Laboratório de Vida Selvagem. Corumbá, MS, Brasil.
University of Missouri. Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences. Columbia, MIssouri, USA.
|Abstract:||Wild animals are infected by diverse parasites, but how they influence host health is poorly understood. We examined the relationship of trypanosomatids and gastrointestinal parasites with health of wild brown-nosed coatis (Nasua nasua) from the Brazilian Pantanal. We used coati body condition and hematological parameters as response variables in linear models that were compared using an information theoretic approach. Predictors were high/low parasitemias by Trypanosoma cruzi and T. evansi, and indices representing the abundance of distinct groups of gastrointestinal parasites. We also analyzed how host health changed with host sex and reproductive seasonality. Hemoparasites was best related to coati body condition and hematological indices, whereas abundance of gastrointestinal parasites was relatively less associated with coati health. Additionally, some associations were best predicted by models that incorporated reproductive seasonality and host sex. Overall, we observed a lower health condition during the breeding season, when coatis are under reproductive stress and may be less able to handle infection. In addition, females seem to handle infection better than males. Body condition was lower in coatis with high parasitemias of T. evansi, especially during the reproductive season. Total red blood cell counts, packed cell volume, platelets and eosinophils were also lower in animals with high T. evansi parasitemias. Total white blood cell counts and mature neutrophils were lower in animals with high parasitemias for both Trypanosoma species, with neutrophils decreasing mainly during the reproductive season. Overall, decreases in hematological parameters of females with T. evansi high parasitemias were less evident. For T. cruzi, monocytes decreased in individuals with high parasitemias. High abundances of microfilariae in the bloodstream, and cestode eggs and coccidian oocysts in feces were also associated with coati blood parameters. This study shows the potential value of examining hematological parameters as an approach to better understand the ecological relevance of parasite-host interactions.|
|Publisher:||Public Library of Science|
|Citation:||OLIFIERS, Natalie; et al. Co-Infection and Wild Animal Health: Effects of Trypanosomatids and Gastrointestinal Parasites on Coatis of the Brazilian Pantanal. Plos One, v.10, n.12, e0143997, 19p, Dec. 2015.|
|Appears in Collections:||IOC - Artigos de Periódicos|
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