Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/15501
Title: Eukaryotic translation elongation factor-1 alpha is associated with a specific subset of mRNAs in Trypanosoma cruzi
Authors: Alves, Lysangela Ronalte
Antes, Camila Olieira
Goldenberg, Samuel
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Carlos Chagas. Curitiba, PR, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Carlos Chagas. Curitiba, PR, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Carlos Chagas. Curitiba, PR, Brasil.
Abstract: Background Regulation of gene expression in trypanosomatids is mainly posttranscriptional. Tight regulation of mRNA stability and access to polysomes allows Trypanosoma cruzi to adapt to different environmental conditions during its life cycle. Posttranscriptional regulation requires association between mRNAs and specific proteins to form mRNP complexes. Proteins that lack a canonical RNA-binding domain, such as eukaryotic elongation factor-1α (EF-1α), may also associate with mRNPs. EF-1α is conserved in many organisms, and it plays roles in many cellular processes other than translation, including RNA transport, the cell cycle, and apoptosis. Results In a previous study, EF-1α was found associated with mRNP-forming mRNAs in polysome-free fractions both in epimastigotes growing under normal conditions and in nutritionally stressed parasites. This finding suggested the possibility that EF-1α has a non-canonical function. Thus, we investigated the dynamics of EF-1α in association with T. cruzi epimastigote mRNAs under normal and stressed nutritional conditions. EF-1α is expressed throughout the parasite life cycle, but it shows a slight decrease in protein levels in the metacyclic trypomastigote form. The protein is cytoplasmically localized with a granular pattern in all forms analyzed. Following puromycin treatment, EF-1α migrated with the heaviest gradient fractions in a sucrose polysome profile, indicating that its association with large protein complexes was independent of the translation machinery. We next characterized the EF-1α-associated mRNAs in unstressed and stressed epimastigotes. We observed that specific subsets of mRNAs were associated with EF-1α-mRNPs in unstressed or stressed epimastigotes. Some mRNAs were identified in both physiological conditions, whereas others were condition-specific. Gene ontology analysis identified enrichment of gene sets involved in single-organism metabolic processes, amino acid metabolic processes, ATP and metal ion binding, glycolysis, glutamine metabolic processes, and cobalt and iron ion binding. Conclusion These results indicate that in T. cruzi, as in other eukaryotes, EF-1α may play a non-canonical cellular role. We observed the enrichment of functionally related transcripts bound to EF-1α in normal growth conditions as well as in nutritionally stressed cell indicating a potential role of EF-1α mRNP in stress response.
Keywords: Trypanosoma cruzi
Gene expression
mRNPs
EF-1 alpha
Non-canonical function
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: ALVES, Lysangela Ronalte; OLIVEIRA, Camila; GOLDENBERG, Samuel. Eukaryotic translation elongation factor-1 alpha is associated with a specific subset of mRNAs in Trypanosoma cruzi. BMC Microbiology, v.15, n.104, p. 1-9, 2015.
ISSN: 1471-2180
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:PR - ICC - Artigos de Periódicos

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