Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/24148
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dc.contributor.authorBenchimol, Jaime Larry
dc.contributor.authorSá, Magali Romero
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-29T20:32:55Z
dc.date.available2018-01-29T20:32:55Z
dc.date.issued2003
dc.identifier.citationBENCHIMOL, Jaime L.; SÁ, Magali Romero. Adolpho Lutz and controversies over the transmission of leprosy by mosquitoes. História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, v. 10, supl. 1, p. 49-93, 2003.
dc.identifier.issn0104-5970
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/24148
dc.description.abstractQuando estudava na Suíça e Alemanha, Adolpho Lutz publicou os primeiros trabalhos sobre zoologia, clínica e terapêutica. Em Limeira, São Paulo, iniciou estudos sobre doenças humanas e animais causadas por germes e parasitas. Em 1885-86, viajou para Hamburgo para estudar microrganismos relacionados a doenças de pele sob a orientação de Paul Gerson Unna, um dos mais renomados dermatologistas alemães. Propôs a inclusão dos bacilos de Hansen e Koch num novo gênero. Em 1889, Unna indicou seu discípulo como chefe dos serviços médicos do Leprosário de Molokai, no Havaí. Lutz passou a defender a transmissão da doença por mosquitos. Realizou pesquisas para provar esta teoria depois que assumiu a chefia do Instituto Bacteriológico de São Paulo (1893-1908) e, sobretudo, após a transferência para o Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (1908-1940). Apesar de não terem sido bem-sucedidas estas pesquisas, sustentou a transmissão da lepra por mosquitos nas comissões e congressos de que participou, até sua morte em outubro de 1940.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsopen access
dc.subject.otherAdolpho Lutz
dc.subject.otherHistória da lepra
dc.subject.otherMicrobiologia
dc.subject.otherHistória da medicina tropical
dc.titleAdolpho Lutz and controversies over the transmission of leprosy by mosquitoes
dc.title.alternativeAdolpho Lutz e as controvérsias sobre a transmissão da lepra por mosquitos
dc.typeArticle
dc.description.abstractenDuring his years of study in Switzerland and Germany, Adolpho Lutz published his first articles on zoology, clinical practice, and therapeutics. In Limeira, São Paulo, he began studies on animal and human diseases caused by germs and parasites. In 1885-86, Lutz traveled to Hamburg to study the morphology of germs related to skin diseases, in conjunction with Paul Gerson Unna, one of Germany's foremost dermatologists. He proposed the inclusion of Hansen's and Koch's bacilli in a new genus. In 1889, Unna nominated his student as physician-in-chief of the Leper Settlement on Molokai Island, Hawaii. From then on, Lutz sustained the theory that the disease was transmitted by mosquitoes. He conducted research to prove this theory when he was head of the Instituto Bacteriológico de São Paulo (1893-1908) and, later, after he moved to the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (1908-1940). Although this research was not successful, on commissions and at congresses in which he participated until his death in October 1940, he still held to his conviction that leprosy was transmitted by mosquitoes.
dc.creator.affilliationFundação Oswaldo Cruz. Casa de Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
dc.creator.affilliationFundação Oswaldo Cruz. Casa de Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
dc.subject.enAdolpho Lutz
dc.subject.enHistory of leprosy
dc.subject.enMicrobiology
dc.subject.enHistory of tropical medicine
dc.subject.decsLepra/história
dc.subject.decsMedicina tropical/história
dc.subject.decsMosquitos
dc.subject.decsPesquisa
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