Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/2737
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dc.contributor.authorBertoni, Neilane
dc.contributor.authorSinger, Merrill
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Cosme Marcelo Furtado Passos da
dc.contributor.authorClair, Scott
dc.contributor.authorMalta, Monica Siqueira
dc.contributor.authorBastos, Francisco Inácio Pinkusfeld Monteiro
dc.date.accessioned2011-06-27T19:17:55Z
dc.date.available2011-06-27T19:17:55Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationBERTONI, N. et al. Knowledge of AIDS and HIV transmission among drug users in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Harm Reduction Journal, v. 8, n. 5, p.1-10, 2011.
dc.identifier.issn1477-7517
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/2737
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsrestricted access
dc.subject.otherTransmissão HIV
dc.subject.otherHIV/AIDS
dc.subject.otherUsuários de Drogas
dc.subject.otherTeste HIV
dc.subject.otherBrasil
dc.subject.otherRio de Janeiro
dc.titleKnowledge of AIDS and HIV transmission among drug users in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1477-7517-8-5
dc.description.abstractenBackground: Proper knowledge of HIV transmission is not enough for people to adopt protective behaviors, but deficits in this information may increase HIV/AIDS vulnerability. Objective: To assess drug users’ knowledge of HIV/AIDS and the possible association between knowledge and HIV testing. Methods: A Cross-sectional study conducted in 2006/7 with a convenience sample of 295 illicit drug users in Rio de Janeiro, assessing knowledge on AIDS/HIV transmission and its relationship with HIV testing. Information from 108 randomly selected drug users who received an educational intervention using cards illustrating situations potentially associated with HIV transmission were assessed using Multidimensional Scaling (MDS). Results: Almost 40% of drug users reported having never used condoms and more than 60% reported not using condoms under the influence of substances. Most drug users (80.6%) correctly answered that condoms make sex safer, but incorrect beliefs are still common (e.g. nearly 44% believed HIV can be transmitted through saliva and 55% reported that HIV infection can be transmitted by sharing toothbrushes), with significant differences between drug users who had and who had not been tested for HIV. MDS showed queries on vaginal/anal sex and sharing syringes/needles were classified in the same set as effective modes of HIV transmission. The event that was further away from this core of properly perceived risks referred to blood donation, perceived as risky. Other items were found to be dispersed, suggesting inchoate beliefs on transmission modes. Conclusions: Drug users have an increased HIV infection vulnerability compared to the general population, this specific population expressed relevant doubts about HIV transmission, as well as high levels of risky behavior. Moreover, the findings suggest that possessing inaccurate HIV/AIDS knowledge may be a barrier to timely HIV testing. Interventions should be tailored to such specific characteristics.
dc.creator.affilliationFundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde. Laboratório de Informação em Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
dc.creator.affilliationFundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Departamento de Ciências Sociais.Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
dc.creator.affilliationUniversity of Connecticut. Department of Anthropology. Storrs, Connecticut, USA.
dc.creator.affilliationFundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Departamento de Ciências Sociais.Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
dc.creator.affilliationIowa State University. Partnerships in Prevention Science Institute. Ames, Iowa, USA.
dc.creator.affilliationFundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Departamento de Ciências Sociais.Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
dc.creator.affilliationFundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde. Laboratório de Informação em Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
dc.creator.affilliationFulbright/CAPES Visiting Researcher at Brown University. Providence, RI, USA.
dc.subject.enHIV Transmission
dc.subject.enHIV/AIDS
dc.subject.enDrug Users
dc.subject.enHIV Testing
dc.subject.enBrazil
dc.subject.enRio de Janeiro
dc.subject.decsHIV
dc.subject.decsTransmissão
dc.subject.decsSIDA
dc.subject.decsHIV
dc.subject.decsUsuários de Drogas
dc.subject.decsBrasil
Appears in Collections:ENSP - Artigos de Periódicos
ICICT - Artigos de Periódicos

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