Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/54475
Title: Effectiveness and safety of yoga to treat chronic and acute pain: a rapid review of systematic reviews
Authors: Melo, Roberta Crevelário de
Ribeiro, Aline Ângela Victoria
Luquine Júnior, Cézar Donizetti
Bortoli, Maritsa Carla de
Toma, Tereza Setsuko
Barreto, Jorge Otávio Maia
Affilliation: Governo Estadual de São Paulo. Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de São Paulo. Instituto de Saúde. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
University of Campinas. Institute of Philosophy and Human Sciences. Campinas, SP, Brazil.
Governo Estadual de São Paulo. Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de São Paulo. Instituto de Saúde. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Governo Estadual de São Paulo. Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de São Paulo. Instituto de Saúde. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Governo Estadual de São Paulo. Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de São Paulo. Instituto de Saúde. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Fiocruz Brasília. Brasília, DF, Brasil.
Abstract: Background Pain is a sensation of discomfort that affects a large part of the population. Yoga is indicated to treat various health conditions, including chronic and acute pain. Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of yoga to treat acute or chronic pain in the adult and elderly population. Study selection A rapid review was carried out, following a protocol established a priori. Searches were carried out in September 2019, in six databases, using PICOS and MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) and DeCS (Descritores em Ciências da Saúde) terms. Systematic reviews were included, and methodological quality was assessed using Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews. The results were presented in a narrative synthesis. Findings Ten systematic reviews were selected. Two reviews were assessed as of high methodological quality, two as of low quality, and six of critically low quality. Results were favourable to yoga compared with usual daily care, particularly in low back and cervical pain cases. There was little evidence about the superiority of yoga compared with active interventions (exercises, pilates or complementary and complementary medicine). It was also less consistent in pain associated with fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, carpal tunnel and irritable bowel syndromes. There was an improvement in the quality of life and mood of the participants, especially for yoga compared with usual care, exercises and waiting list. Conclusions Overall, the results were favourable to yoga compared with usual care in low back and cervical pain cases. The evidence is insufficient to assert yoga’s benefits for other pain conditions, as well as its superiority over active interventions. The findings must be considered with caution, given their low methodological quality and the small samples in the primary studies reported in the included systematic reviews. Thus, more studies must be carried out to improve the reliability of the results.
Keywords: Yoga
Chronic and acute pain
Systematic reviews
DeCS: Yoga
Dor Crônica
Dor Aguda
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: MELO, Roberta Crevelário de et al. Effectiveness and safety of yoga to treat chronic and acute pain: a rapid review of systematic reviews. BMJ Open, [s.l.], v.11, p. 1-7, 2021.
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-048536
ISSN: 2044-6055
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BSB - Artigos de Periódicos
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