Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/746
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dc.contributor.authorDias, Paulo Roberto Telles Pires
dc.contributor.authorBastos, Francisco Inácio Pinkusfeld Monteiro
dc.contributor.authorGuydish, Joseph
dc.contributor.authorInciardi, James A.
dc.contributor.authorSurratt, Hilary R.
dc.contributor.authorPearl, Michelle
dc.contributor.authorHearst, Norman
dc.date.accessioned2010-08-23T16:58:45Z
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-04T14:20:00Z
dc.date.available2010-08-23T16:58:45Z
dc.date.available2010-11-04T14:20:00Z
dc.date.issued1997
dc.identifier.citationTELLES, Paulo R., et al. Risk behavior and HIV seroprevalence among injecting drug users in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. AIDS, v.11 suppl 1, p.S35-S42, 1997
dc.identifier.issn1350-2840
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/746
dc.description.abstractObjective: To characterize HIV seroprevalence and reisk behavior among injecting drug users (IDUS) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between 1990 and 1996. Design: We report data from three separate cross-sectional samples of IDUS in Rio de Janeiro: the World Health Organization (WHO) sample (n=479), the Proviva sample (n=138) and thr Brasil sample (n=110). These data provide the most comprehensive view available, to date, of this understudied population im Rio. Methods: Demographic characteristics, HIV/AIDS risk behavior and HIV seroprevalence were compared across the three samples and combined analyses were performed to determine the factors associated with injecting risk behavior, sexual risk behavior and HIV seropositivity. Results: The overal HIV seroprevalence among IDUS 25%. Two encouraging findings of the present analysis were the lower levels of needle-sharing among participants recruited in the latest years (1995-1996) andthe lower HIV serprevalence in the Proviva sample composed mainly of less educated, poorer IDUS living im deprived neighborhoods. No trends toward safer behavior were foundfor sexual risk, younger age being the principal factor associated with high risk. Conclusions: Levels of needle-sharing and sexual risk among IDUS in Rio remain high, demonstrating the urgent need to increase the limites preventive measures under-taken so far. Seroprevalence levels for HIV remain significantly lower in the most deprived sample, arguing for the fundamental importance of prompt and effective prevention strategies to keep infections rates from rising among the poorest and largest strata of Rio's IDUS.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe WHO project reported here was sponsored by PSA/WHO and was also supported by the State University of Rio de janeiro (UERJ). Projeto Brasil was sponsored by the Brazilian Ministry of Health and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. P.R.T. is the recipient of a PhD scholarship from the Rio de Janeiro State Reseaech ouncil (FAPERJ) of Brazil. F.I.B. was supported by FAPERJ grant 2A, 1994/7. The Proviva Project was supported by grant UO1DA08510 from the United States Departament of Health and Human Services, Nacional Institute of Drug Abuse.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherRapid Science Publishers
dc.rightsopen access
dc.subject.otherAids
dc.subject.otherHIV
dc.subject.otherinjecting drug use
dc.subject.otherBrazil
dc.titleRisk behavior and HIV seroprevalence among injecting drug users in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
dc.typeArticle
dc.creator.affilliationNucleo de Estudos e Pesquisa em Atenção ao uso de Drogas (NEPAD), State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
dc.creator.affilliationDepartamento de Informações para a Saúde/Centro de Informação en Ciencia e Tecnologia, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de janeiro, Brazil
dc.creator.affilliationInstitute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
dc.creator.affilliationComprehensive Drug Research Center, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
dc.creator.affilliationComprehensive Drug Research Center, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
dc.creator.affilliationInstitute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
dc.creator.affilliationCenter for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
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