Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/9817
Title: Knowledge and attitudes about human papillomavirus, Pap smears, and cervical cancer among young women in Brazil: implications for health education and prevention.
Authors: Moreira Júnior, Edson Duarte
Oliveira, Bruno Gusmão de
Ferraz, F. M
Costa, Sandra
Costa Filho, José Otávio
Karic, Gisela
Affilliation: Fundação Irmã Dulce. Núcleo de Apoio à Pesquisa. Salvador, BA, Brazil / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Irmã Dulce. Núcleo de Apoio à Pesquisa. Salvador, BA, Brazil / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Irmã Dulce. Núcleo de Apoio à Pesquisa. Salvador, BA, Brazil / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Laboratórios Merck, Sharp & Dohme. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Laboratórios Merck, Sharp & Dohme. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Laboratórios Merck, Sharp & Dohme. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Abstract: The objective of the study was to assess knowledge and attitudes about human papillomavirus (HPV), cervical cancer, and Papanicolaou (Pap) smears among young women. A questionnaire was administered to 204 women aged 16-23 years, attending a public clinic. Data were gathered on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, and attitudes related to HPV. Overall, 92% of women reported current/previous sexual activity, 42% perceived themselves at high risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease, 67% did not know that HPV can cause cervical cancer/warts, and only 10% acknowledged that HPV might lead to cervical cancer. In general, women had a poor knowledge on HPV diagnosis/treatment, condyloma signs, and Pap smear test. The main reasons for not having a Pap smear test done before were embarrassment (63%) and fear of pain (61%). Knowledge of HPV infection and cervical cancer was low in this urban young population. Our findings recommend for greater HPV education of the public and health care practitioners
Keywords: Cervical cancer
Genital warts
Human papillomavirus
Knowledge
Pap smear screening
Young women
DeCS: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Teste de Papanicolaou
Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação
Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
Esfregaço Vaginal
Adulto
Brasil/epidemiologia
DNA Viral/isolamento & purificação
Feminino
Educação em Saúde
Humanos
Papillomaviridae/genética
Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Citation: MOREIRA JÚNIOR, E. D. et al. Knowledge and attitudes about human papillomavirus, Pap smears, and cervical cancer among young women in Brazil: implications for health education and prevention. International Journal of Gynecology Cancer, v. 16, n. 2, p. 599-603, 2006.
ISSN: 1048-891X
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos

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