Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/10269
Title: Knowledge and Prevalence of Viral Hepatitis Among Beauticians
Authors: Villar, Livia Melo
Paula, Vanessa Salete de
Almeida, Adilson José de
Ó, Kycia Maria Rodrigues do
Miguel, Juliana Custódio
Lampe, Elisabeth
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Hepatites Virais. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Desenvolvimento Tecnológico de Virologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Hepatites Virais. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Non-Governmental Organization “Hepato Certo Support for people with hepatitis C". Petrópolis, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Hepatites Virais. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Hepatites Virais. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: Beauty treatments, such as tattooing, piercing, manicures, pedicures, and barbershop shaving, can pose an important risk of virus transmission. This study was conducted to determine hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence in a sample of beauticians from Rio de Janeiro (Southeast Brazil) and to assess the knowledge and attitudes of these professionals regarding viral hepatitis and their practices during their activities. One hundred nineteen beauticians were recruited in September 2010. Serum samples were tested for total anti-HAV, total anti-HBc, HBsAg, anti-HBs, and anti-HCV reactivity. A questionnaire was administered to identify socio-demographic risk factors and to determine knowledge and attitudes regarding viral hepatitis. Prevalence was 73.9% for total anti-HAV, 0% for HBsAg, 5.9% for anti-HBc, 23.6% for anti-HBs, and 0.8% for anti-HCV. Most professionals (81.5%) were well informed (4-7 correct answers) and reported the use of disposable sandpaper and nail sticks and sterilized pliers, but only 40% of them reported adequate processes of disinfection/sterilization. In conclusion, a high prevalence of HAV infection and a low prevalence of HBV and HCV infection were observed among beauticians. In addition, most of these individuals were not immune to HBV, indicating the need for vaccination campaigns targeting these professionals. Most of these professionals were well informed regarding viral hepatitis, although there was a gap in knowledge regarding disinfection and sterilization procedures. Public health prevention strategies should be adopted to improve education about disinfection/sterilization procedures for manicures and pedicures.
Keywords: Viral Hepatitis
Prevalence
Knowledge
Beauticians
DeCS: Saúde Pública
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Citation: VILLAR, Livia Melo et al. Knowledge and Prevalence of Viral Hepatitis Among Beauticians. Journal of Medical Virology, v.86, n.9, p.1515–1521, 2014.
DOI: 10.1002/jmv.23993
Copyright: restricted access
Appears in Collections:IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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