Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/10322
Title: HIV-1, HBV, HCV, HTLV, HPV-16/18, and Treponema pallidum Infections in a Sample of Brazilian Men Who Have Sex with Men
Authors: Soares, Caroline C
Georg, Ingebourg
Lampe, Elisabeth
Lewis, Lia
Morgado, Mariza G
Nicol, Alcina F
Pinho, Adriana A
Salles, Regina C. S
Teixeira, Sylvia L. M
Vicente, Ana Carolina P
Viscidi, Raphael P
Gomes, Selma A
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Virologia Molecular. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto de Pesquisas de Estudos Contábeis. Laboratório de Análises Clínicas. Seção Imunodiagnóstico. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Referência Nacional para Hepatites Virais. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Referência Nacional para Hepatites Virais. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de AIDS e Imunologia Molecular. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório Interdisciplinar de Pesquisas Médicas. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Educação em Ambiente e Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Laboratório Municipal de Patologia Clínica de Campinas.São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de AIDS e Imunologia Molecular. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Genética Molecular e Microrganismos. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Department of Pediatrics. Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Virologia Molecular. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are more vulnerable to blood-borne infections and/or sexuallytransmitted infections (STI). This study was conducted to estimate the prevalences of mono and co-infections of HIV-1 and other blood-borne/STIs in a sample of MSM in Campinas, Brazil. Methods: Responding Driven Sampling (RDS) was used for recruitment of MSM. Serum samples collected from 558 MSM were analyzed for the presence of serological markers for HIV-1, HBV, HCV, HTLV, HPV-16/18, and T. pallidum infections. Results: The highest prevalences of infection in serum samples were found for HPV-16 and 18 (31.9% and 20.3%, respectively). Approximately 8% of the study population showed infection with HIV-1, and within that group, 27.5% had recently become infected with HIV-1. HBV infection and syphilis were detected in 11.4% and 10% of the study population, respectively, and the rates of HTLV and HCV infection were 1.5% and 1%, respectively. With the exception of HTLV, all other studied infections were usually found as co-infections rather then mono-infections. The rates of co-infection for HCV, HPV- 18, and HIV-1 were the highest among the studied infections (100%, 83%, and 85%, respectively). Interestingly, HTLV infection was usually found as a mono-infection in the study group, whereas HCV was found only as a co-infection. Conclusions: The present findings highlight the need to educate the MSM population concerning their risk for STIs infections and methods of prevention. Campaigns to encourage vaccination against HBV and HPV could decrease the rates of these infections in MSM.
Keywords: Treponema pallidum Infections
HIV-1
STIs infections
HPV
Keywords in spanish: Treponema
HIV-1
HPV
keywords: Treponema
HIV-1
HPV
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Plos One
Citation: SOARES, Caroline C. et al. HIV-1, HBV, HCV, HTLV, HPV-16/18, and Treponema pallidum Infections in a Sample of Brazilian Men Who Have Sex with Men. PLoS ONE, v.9, n.8, e102676, 2014.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102676
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:INI - Artigos de Periódicos
IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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