Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/10643
Title: Prevalence and risk of blood-borne and sexually transmitted viral infections in incarcerated youth in Salvador, Brazil: opportunity and obligation for intervention
Authors: Fialho, Margaret
Messias, Márcia
Shafer, Kimberly Page
Vallve, Maria de Lourdes Farre
Schmalb, Márcia
Sampaio, Diana Brasil Pedral
Ramos, Mauro Cunha
Alves, Carlos Roberto Brites
Affilliation: Centro de Referência do Estado da Bahia para AIDS. CREAIDS. Salvador, BA, Brasil.
Centro de Referência do Estado da Bahia para AIDS. CREAIDS. Salvador, BA, Brasil,
University of California San Francisco. Center for AIDS Prevention Studies. San Francisco, CA, USA,
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil,
Centro de Referência do Estado da Bahia para AIDS. CREAIDS. Salvador, BA, Brasil,
Universidade Federal da Bahia. Infectious Diseases Service. Salvador, BA, Brasil,
Centro de Estudos em AIDS do Rio Grande do Sul . CEARGS. Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil,
Universidade Federal da Bahia. Infectious Diseases Service. Salvador, BA, Brasil,
Abstract: To determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections among incarcerated adolescents in Salvador, Brazil, we interviewed 300 incarcerated youth aged 11-18 years to participate in a physical examination and to provide a blood sample to test for HIV-1, hepatitis B and C viruses exposure, human T-cells lymphotrophic virus, and syphilis. Overall prevalence was anti-HIV, 0.34%; anti-HBc, 11.1%; HBsAg, 2.4%; anti-HCV, 6.4%; HTLV, 1.09%; and syphilis, 3.4%. The majority (86.3%) reported a history of sexual activity; 27% had never used condoms. Girls also reported previous pregnancy (35%), abortion (26%) and sexual abuse (74%). Many youth reported a family history of alcohol abuse (56%), illicit drug use (24.7%), or legal problems (38%). Serological results show that youth in Salvador are at high risk for blood-borne and sexually transmitted infections. Policies to reduce the risk and impact of these infections should be a requisite part of health care for incarcerated youth.
Keywords: Sexually transmitted infections
HIV
STI
Incarcerated youth
Brazil
Blood-borne infections
DeCS: Patógenos Transmitidos pelo Sangue
Prisioneiros/estatística & dados numéricos
Doenças Virais Sexualmente Transmissíveis
Viroses
Adolescente
Comportamento do Adolescente
Brasil/epidemiologia
Criança
Feminino
Humanos
Masculino
Prisões
Fatores de Risco
Comportamento Sexual
Doenças Virais Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Viroses/epidemiologia
Viroses/prevenção & controle
Viroses/virologia
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Citation: FIALHO, M. et al. Prevalence and risk of blood-borne and sexually transmitted viral infections in incarcerated youth in Salvador, Brazil: opportunity and obligation for intervention. AIDS Behaviour, v. 12, n. 4, Suppl, p. S17-24, 2008.
DOI: 10.1007/s10461-008-9409-x
ISSN: 1090-7165
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Fialho M Prevalence and Risk of Blood....pdf196.79 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInGoogle BookmarksBibTex Format mendeley Endnote DiggMySpace

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.