Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/10764
Title: Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii infection in students of veterinary medicine and other courses of public universities in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil
Authors: Vicente, Regiane Trigueiro
Millar, Patricia Riddell
Nicolau, José Leonardo
Souza, Miliane Moreira Soares de
Klein, Carlos Henrique
Sudré, Adriana Pittella
Amendoeira, Maria Regina Reis
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Toxoplasmose. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Toxoplasmose. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil / Universidade Federal Fluminense. Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia. Niterói, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Toxoplasmose. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil.
Universidade Federal Rural do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Departamento de Imunologia e Microbiologia Veterinária. Seropédica, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade Federal Fluminense. Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia. Niterói, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Toxoplasmose. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to estimate the serum prevalence of Toxoplasma infection in two groups of university students: Veterinary Medicine (VM) and Other Courses (OC). Students from two public universities in the state of Rio de Janeiro were investigated to identify risk habits and behaviors for Toxoplasma gondii infection, and to guide primary prevention. All 839 students answered a questionnaire about habits and behaviors (347 OC and 492 VM). A serum prevalence of 21.8% was observed by indirect immunofluorescence (IFA) and ELISA. No statistically significant difference was observed between students of the universities. Serum prevalence (IFA and ELISA IgG) was 16.1% in VM and 29.9% in OC. Six students were IgM seropositive, of which five were only positive in ELISA and one was positive with both diagnostic techniques (ELISA and IFA). Among those students, four were in the control group from UFF and one in each group from UFRRJ. The prevalence of students seropositive for toxoplasmosis was low in both universities and the results obtained suggest that veterinary students are probably not exposed to a higher risk than the general population for acquiring toxoplasmosis. Age, contact with cats, consumption of undercooked or raw meat, contact with campus soil and ignorance of prophylactic measures for toxoplasmosis were positively associated with prevalence of infection by T. gondii.
Keywords: Toxoplasma gondii
Veterinary Medicine
Students
Seroepidemiology
keywords: Rio de Janeiro
DeCS: Medicina Veterinária
Toxoplasma
Estudantes
Saúde Pública
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Citation: VICENTE, Regiane Trigueiro et al. Seroepidemiology of toxoplasma gondii infection in students of veterinary medicine and other courses of public universities in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev Patol Trop, v.43, n.3, p.313-322, jul.-set. 2014.
DOI: 10.5216/rpt.v43i3.32218
ISSN: 0301-0436
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:ENSP - Artigos de Periódicos
IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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