Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/10875
Title: Animal Leptospirosis in Latin America and the Caribbean Countries: Reported Outbreaks and Literature Review (2002–2014)
Authors: Petrakovsky, Jessica
Bianchi, Alejandra
Fisun, Helen
Pereira, Martha Maria
Affilliation: National Service of Agrifood Health and Quality (SENASA). The National Reference Laboratory of World Organization for Animal Health. Buenos Aires, Argentina.
National Service of Agrifood Health and Quality (SENASA). The National Reference Laboratory of World Organization for Animal Health. Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)/WHO, Washington, DC, USA.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Centro Colaborativo da OMS para Leptospirose. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease whose transmission is linked through multiple factors in the animal-human-ecosystem interface. The data on leptospirosis reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) for Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) countries/sovereign territories from 2005–2011 were mapped, showing a wide distribution of outbreaks in the region. Tropical terrestrial biomes are the predominate ecosystems showing reports of outbreaks. Climatic and ecological factors were relevant to the occurrence of epidemic outbreaks. The available scientific information from 2002–2014 was summarized to obtain a general overview and identify key issues related to the One Health approach. The primary serological test used for diagnosis and for conducting surveys was the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Reports regarding the isolation and typing of leptospires were scattered and limited to data from a few countries, but their results revealed considerable biodiversity at the species and serovar levels. A total of six out of 11 currently named pathogenic species were found in the region. There was also high diversity of animal species showing evidence of infection by leptospires, including rodents, pets, livestock and wild animals. Prevention and control measures for leptospirosis should consider issues of animal and human health in the context of ecosystems, the territorial land borders of countries and trade.
Keywords: Leptospira
Leptospirosis
Rodents
Dogs
Livestock
Wild animals
Eco Health
One health
DeCS: Leptospirose
Leptospira
Roedores
Cães
Gado
Animais selvagens
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Citation: PETRAKOVSKY, Jessica et al. Animal Leptospirosis in Latin America and the Caribbean Countries: Reported Outbreaks and Literature Review (2002–2014). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, v.11, n.10, p.10770-10789, 2014.
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph111010770
ISSN: 1660-4601
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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