Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/12609
Title: Novel Recombinant Multiepitope Proteins for the Diagnosis of Asymptomatic Leishmania infantum-Infected Dogs
Authors: Faria, Angélica Rosa
Veloso, Luciano de Castro
Vital, Wendel Coura
Reis, Alexandre Barbosa
Damasceno, Leonardo Miranda
Gazzinelli, Ricardo Tostes
Affilliation: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Instituto de Ciências Biológicas. Departamento de Parasitologia. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Instituto de Ciências Biológicas. Departamento de Parasitologia. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto. Núcleo de Pesquisa em Ciências Biológicas. Ouro Preto, MG, Brasil
Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto. Núcleo de Pesquisa em Ciências Biológicas. Ouro Preto, MG, Brasil
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Instituto de Ciências Biológicas. Departamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Instituto de Ciências Biológicas. Departamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil/Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil/University of Massachusetts Medical School. Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology. Worcester, MA, United States of America
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Instituto de Ciências Biológicas. Departamento de Parasitologia. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis is the most severe form of leishmaniasis. Worldwide, approximately 20% of zoonotic human visceral leishmaniasis is caused by Leishmania infantum, also known as Leishmania chagasi in Latin America. Current diagnostic methods are not accurate enough to identify Leishmania-infected animals and may compromise the effectiveness of disease control. Therefore, we aimed to produce and test two recombinant multiepitope proteins as a means to improve and increase accuracy in the diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Ten antigenic peptides were identified by CVL ELISA in previous work. In the current proposal, the coding sequences of these ten peptides were assembled into a synthetic gene. Furthermore, other twenty peptides were selected from work by our group where good B and T cell epitopes were mapped. The coding sequences of these peptides were also assembled into a synthetic gene. Both genes have been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, producing two multiepitope recombinant proteins, PQ10 and PQ20. These antigens have been used in CVL ELISA and were able to identify asymptomatic dogs (80%) more effectively than EIE-LVC kit, produced by Bio-Manguinhos (0%) and DPP kit (10%). Moreover, our recombinant proteins presented an early detection (before PCR) of infected dogs, with positivities ranging from 23% to 65%, depending on the phase of infection in which sera were acquired. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our study shows that ELISA using the multiepitope proteins PQ10 and PQ20 has great potential in early CVL diagnosis. The use of these proteins in other methodologies, such as immunochromatographic tests, could be beneficial mainly for the detection of asymptomatic dogs.
Keywords: leishmaniasis
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: FARIA, Angélica Rosa et al. Novel Recombinant Multiepitope Proteins for the Diagnosis of Asymptomatic Leishmania infantum-Infected Dogs. PLoS Negl Trop Dis., vol. 9, n. 1, p. e3429, 2015
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003429
ISSN: 1935-2735
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:MG - IRR - Artigos de Periódicos




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