Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/12859
Title: Avaliação fenotípica in vitro de novas amidinas aromáticas sobre Trypanosoma cruzi
Advisor: Soeiro, Maria de Nazaré Correia
Members of the board: Santos, Eduardo Caio Torres dos
Cardoso, André Gustavo Tempone
Calvet, Cláudia
Boechat, Nubia
Authors: Silva, Marianne Rocha Simões
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: A doença de Chagas (DC), causada pelo protozoário Trypanosoma cruzi, é uma doença negligenciada endêmica em diferentes regiões empobrecidas da América Latina. O tratamento, baseado em dois nitroderivados, Nifurtimox e Benzonidazol (Bz), é insatisfatório, demandando a busca de novos fármacos com ação tripanocida que sejam mais seletivos e eficazes. Nesse âmbito, o presente trabalho busca a identificação de novos agentes antiparasitários para a DC, explorando a avaliação fenotípica de novas amidinas aromáticas sintéticas in vitro incluindo ensaios de combinação entre estes compostos. Dez novas amidinas foram testadas sobre tripomastigotas sanguíneos e amastigotas de diferentes cepas do T. cruzi (Y e Tulahuen) e também sobre células de mamífero hospedeiras (linhagem L929 e células cardíacas) para determinar seu perfil eficácia e de toxicidade, respectivamente. Dentre as moléculas testadas (apresentando um ou dois grupamentos catiônicos terminais), cinco foram mais ativas sobre tripomastigotas sanguíneos que o fármaco de referência (Bz), sendo uma delas, a DB2267 (molécula dicatiônica) a mais eficaz, exibindo EC50 de 0,23 \03BCM e um índice de seletividade (IS) de 417. Esta diamidina foi 28 vezes mais ativa e cerca de três vezes mais seletiva que Bz Para determinar se a combinação de duas amidinas teria um efeito tripanocida superior ao seu uso em monoterapia, tripomastigotas sanguíneos foram incubados com DB2267 e DB2236 em proporções fixas e os resultados mostraram apenas um efeito aditivo com \01A9FIC<4. Interessantemente, quando formas intracelulares foram expostas à DB2267, sua atividade foi relacionada à cepa do parasito, sendo eficaz (EC50 = 0.87 ± 0.05 \03BCM) contra DTU II (cepa Y), mas não contra um representante da DTU VI (Tulahuen), mesmo quando utilizamos veículo diferente do DMSO (\03B2-ciclodextrina). Esta divergência pode estar relacionada a diferenças inerentes aos alvos e/ou rotas metabólicas das cepas do parasito e que merecem ser mais investigadas visando conhecer melhor a relação entre as características estruturais e ação universal das moléculas sobre DTUs e formas do T. cruzi para o desenho de compostos mais promissores. Devido à fluorescência intrínseca apresentada pelas amidinas, a captação de duas delas foi avaliada. Os dados obtidos com a amidina não ativa (DB2236) e com a outra ativa (DB2267) sobre amastigotas da cepa Y revelaram que ambas foram localizadas intracelularmente, mas em compartimentos distintos: DB2236 no citoplasma, enquanto DB2267 no núcleo. Nossos dados são encorajadores a respeito da atividade antiparasitária das amidinas aromáticas, no tocante a futuras investigações de novos agentes promissores para o tratamento da DC
Abstract: Chagas disease (CD), caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is a neglected disease endemic in different poor areas of Latin America. The treatment, based on two nitroderivatives, Nifurtimox and Benznidazole (Bz), is unsatisfactory, demanding the screening of new potential trypanocidal drugs more selective and potent. In this scope, the present work deals with the identification of new anti - parasitic agents for CD, exploring the phenotypic screening of novel synthetic aromatic amidines in vitro and also combination assays between these compounds. The novel ten amidines were tested against bloodstream trypomastigotes (BT) and amastigote forms of different T.cruzi strains (Y and Tulahuen) and were also evaluated on mammalian host cells (L929 cells and cardiac cells) to check their toxicity profile. Among these molecules, five were more active against BT than the reference drug (Bz), being one of them, the DB2267 (a dicationic molecule) the most potent, exhibiting an EC 50 value of 0.23 μM and a se lectivity index (SI) of 417. This diamidine was 28 - fold more active and about 3 times more selective than Bz. To ascertain if the combination of two amidines could improve their trypanocidal activity, BT were incubated with DB2267 and DB2236 in fixed - ratio proportions and the data showed only an additive effect with ƩFIC<4. Interest ingly, when intracellular forms were exposed to DB2267, its activity was related to the parasite strain, being effective (EC 50 = 0.87 ± 0.05 μM) against DTU II (Y strain) but not against one representative of DTU VI (Tulahuen) even using different vehicles (β - cyclodextrins and DMSO). This discrepancy might be related to differences concerning the targets and/or metabolic pathways of the parasite that deserve to be more investigated aiming to better understand the relationship between the structural characte ristics and universal action of the molecules against DTUs and forms of the T.cruzi for the design of more promising compounds . Due to the intrinsic fluorescence presented by the amidines, the uptake of two of them was assessed. The data obtained with the non - active amidine (DB2236) and the other active one (DB2267) against amastigotes of the Y strain showed that both were localized intracellular ly , but in distinct compartments : DB2236 in the cytoplasm , while DB2267 in the nucleus . Our results are encouragi ng regarding the antiparasitic activity of the a romatic amidines , referring to future investigations of new promising agents for the treatment of CD
Chagas disease (CD), caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is a neglected disease endemic in different poor areas of Latin America. The treatment, based on two nitroderivatives, Nifurtimox and Benznidazole (Bz), is unsatisfactory, demanding the screening of new potential trypanocidal drugs more selective and potent. In this scope, the present work deals with the identification of new anti - parasitic agents for CD, exploring the phenotypic screening of novel synthetic aromatic amidines in vitro and also combination assays between these compounds. The novel ten amidines were tested against bloodstream trypomastigotes (BT) and amastigote forms of different T.cruzi strains (Y and Tulahuen) and were also evaluated on mammalian host cells (L929 cells and cardiac cells) to check their toxicity profile. Among these molecules, five were more active against BT than the reference drug (Bz), being one of them, the DB2267 (a dicationic molecule) the most potent, exhibiting an EC 50 value of 0.23 μM and a se lectivity index (SI) of 417. This diamidine was 28 - fold more active and about 3 times more selective than Bz. To ascertain if the combination of two amidines could improve their trypanocidal activity, BT were incubated with DB2267 and DB2236 in fixed - ratio proportions and the data showed only an additive effect with ƩFIC<4. Interest ingly, when intracellular forms were exposed to DB2267, its activity was related to the parasite strain, being effective (EC 50 = 0.87 ± 0.05 μM) against DTU II (Y strain) but not against one representative of DTU VI (Tulahuen) even using different vehicles (β - cyclodextrins and DMSO). This discrepancy might be related to differences concerning the targets and/or metabolic pathways of the parasite that deserve to be more investigated aiming to better understand the relationship between the structural characte ristics and universal action of the molecules against DTUs and forms of the T.cruzi for the design of more promising compounds . Due to the intrinsic fluorescence presented by the amidines, the uptake of two of them was assessed. The data obtained with the non - active amidine (DB2236) and the other active one (DB2267) against amastigotes of the Y strain showed that both were localized intracellular ly , but in distinct compartments : DB2236 in the cytoplasm , while DB2267 in the nucleus . Our results are encouragi ng regarding the antiparasitic activity of the a romatic amidines , referring to future investigations of new promising agents for the treatment of CD
keywords: Quimioterapia Experimental
DeCS: Doença de Chagas
Quimioterapia
Trypanosoma cruzi
Amidinas
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: SILVA, M. R. S. Avaliação fenotípica in vitro de novas amidinas aromáticas sobre Trypanosoma cruz. 2015. 85 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Biologia Celular e Molecular) - Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 2015.
Date of defense: 2015
Place of defense: Rio de Janeiro/RJ
Department: Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular
Defense institution: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Program: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:IOC - PGBCM - Dissertações de Mestrado

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