Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/14907
Title: Work–Family Conflict and Self-Rated Health: the Role of Gender and Educational Level. Baseline Data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
Authors: Griep, Rosane Härter
Toivanen, Susanna
van Diepen, Cornelia
Guimarães, Joanna M. N.
Camelo, Lydiane V.
Juvanhol, Leidjaira Lopes
Aquino, Estela M.
Chor, Dóra
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Educação em Ambiente e Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Stockholm University and Karolinska Institute. Centre for Health Equity Studies. Stockholm, Sweden.
Stockholm University and Karolinska Institutet. Centre for Health Equity Studies. Stockholm, Sweden.
Portsmouth University. Department of Geography. Portsmouth, UK.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Faculdade de Medicina. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Pública. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade Federal da Bahia. Instituto de Saúde Coletiva. Salvador, BA, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: Purpose This study examined gender differences in the association between work–family conflict and self-rated health and evaluated the effect of educational attainment. Method We used baseline data from ELSA-Brasil, a cohort study of civil servants from six Brazilian state capitals. Our samples included 12,017 active workers aged 34–72 years. Work–family conflict was measured by four indicators measuring effects of work on family, effects of family in work and lack of time for leisure and personal care. Results Women experienced more frequent work–family conflict, but in both genders, increased work–family conflict directly correlated with poorer self-rated health. Women’s educational level interacted with three work–family conflict indicators. For time-based effects of work on family, highly educated women had higher odds of suboptimal self-rated health (OR=1.54; 95 % CI=1.19–1.99) than less educated women (OR=1.14; 95 % CI=0.92–1.42). For strain-based effects of work on family, women with higher and lower education levels had OR=1.91 (95 % CI 1.48–2.47) and OR=1.40 (95 % CI 1.12–1.75), respectively. For lack of time for leisure and personal care, women with higher and lower education levels had OR=2.60 (95 % CI=1.95–3.47) and OR=1.11 (95 % CI=0.90–1.38), respectively. Conclusion Women’s education level affects the relationship between work–family conflict and self-rated health. The results may contribute to prevention activities.
Keywords: Gender
Work and family conflict
Self-rated health
Educational level
ELSA-Brasil cohort study
keywords: Gênero
Conflito familiar e trabalho
Autopercepção de saúde
Nível educacional
ELSA-Brasil
Estudo de coorte
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Citation: GRIEP, R. H. et al. Work-Family Conflict and Self-Rated Health: the Role of Gender and Educational Level. Baseline Data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, v.23, n.3, p.372-82, June 2016.
DOI: 10.1007/s12529-015-9523-x
ISSN: 1070-5503
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:ENSP - Artigos de Periódicos
IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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