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Title: Assessment of Leishmanicidal and Trypanocidal Activities of Aliphatic Diamine Derivatives
Authors: Yamanaka, Celina N.
Giordani, Raquel B.
Rezende, Celso O.
Eger, Iriane
Kessler, Rafael L.
Tonini, Maiko L.
Moraes, Milene H. de
Araújo, Debora P.
Zuanazzi, Jose A.
de Almeida, Mauro V.
Steindel, Mario
Affilliation: Departamento de Microbiologia, Imunologia e Parasitologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Cx.postal 476, Florianópolis, SC 88.040-970, Brazil
Departamento de Farmacia, Universidade Federal do RioGrande do Norte, Rua General Gustavo Cordeiro deFarias/Sn, Natal, RN 59010-180, Brazil
Departamento de Quımica, Universidade Federal de Juizde Fora, Campus Martelos, Juiz de Fora, MG 36036-330,Brazil
Laboratório de Biologia Celular, Instituto Carlos Chagas/Fiocruz, Curitiba, PR, 81.350-010, Brazil
Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, SC 88.302-202, Brazil
Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Ipiranga 2752, Porto Alegre, RS90610-000, Brazil
Abstract: Leishmanicidal and trypanocidal activity of seventeen lipophilic diamines was evaluated in vitro against Leishmania braziliensis, L. chagasi, and Trypanosoma cruzi. Twelve compounds presented anti-Leishmania and six showed anti-T. cruzi amastigote activity. Compound 14 (N-tetradecyl-1,4-butanediamine) was the most active against both L. braziliensis (IC50 = 2.6 μm) and L. chagasi (IC50 = 3.0 μm) which showed a selectivity index (SI) >100. N-decyl-1,6-hexanediamine (compound 9) presented an IC50 = 1.6 μm and SI >187 and was over six times more potent than the reference drug benznidazole against T. cruzi. Treatment of infected or uninfected macrophages with compounds 9 and 14 did not induce significant TNFα and NO production. Four compounds (15, 16, 22, and 23) inhibited 78.9%, 77.7%, 83.7%, and 70.1% of rTRLb activity, respectively, and compound 23 inhibited 73.3% of rTRTc activity at 100 μm. A concentration-dependent effect on mitochondrial membrane depolarization was observed in T. cruzi epimastigotes treated with compound 9, suggesting this mechanism may be involved in the trypanocidal effect. On the contrary, in L. braziliensis promastigotes treated with compound 14, no mitochondrial depolarization was observed. Our results demonstrate that N-decyl-1,6-hexanediamine and N-tetradecyl-1,4-butanediamine are promising molecules for the development of novel leading compounds against T. cruzi and Leishmania spp., particularly given a possible alternative mechanism of action.
Keywords: aliphatic diamines
Leishmania braziliensis
Leishmania chagasi
leishmanicidal and trypanocidal activity
Trypanosoma cruzi
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: David Selwood
ISSN: 1747-0277
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:PR - ICC - Artigos de Periódicos

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