Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/16406
Title: Association between perceived neighbourhood characteristics, physical activity and diet quality: results of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
Authors: Chor, Dóra
Cardoso, Letícia Oliveira
Nobre, Aline Araújo
Griep, Rosane Härter
Fonseca, Maria de Jesus Mendes
Giatti, Luana
Bensenor, Isabela
Molina, Maria Del Carmen Bisi
Aquino, Estela M. L.
Diez-Roux, Ana
Castiglione, Débora de Pina
Santos, Simone M.
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Presidência. Programa de Computação Científica. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto. Escola de Nutrição. Ouro Preto, MG, Brasil.
Universidade de São Paulo. Hospital Universitário. São Paulo, SP, Brasil,
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Departamento de Nutrição. Vitória, ES, Brasil.
Universidade Federal da Bahia. Instituto de Saúde Coletiva. Salvador, BA, Brasil.
Drexel University. School of Public Health. Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Abstract: Background: The study explores associations between perceived neighbourhood characteristics, physical activity and diet quality, which in Latin America and Brazil have been scarcely studied and with inconsistent results. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 14,749 individuals who participated in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto, ELSA-Brasil) baseline. The study included current and retired civil servants, aged between 35 and 74 years, from universities and research institutes in six Brazilian states. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) long form was used to characterize physical activity during leisure time and commuting; additional questions assessed how often fruit and vegetables were consumed, as a proxy for diet quality. Neighbourhood characteristics were evaluated by the “Walking Environment” and “Availability of Healthy Foods” scales originally used in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Associations were examined using multinomial logistic regression. Results: Perceiving a more walkable neighbourhood was positively associated with engaging in leisure time physical activity and doing so for longer weekly. Compared with those who saw their neighbourhood as less walkable, those who perceived it as more walkable had 1.69 (95 % CI 1.57–1.83) and 1.39 (1.28–1.52) greater odds of engaging in leisure time physical activity for more than 150 min/week or up to 150 min/week (vs. none), respectively. Perceiving a more walkable neighbourhood was also positively associated with transport-related physical activity. The same pattern was observed for diet: compared with participants who perceived healthy foods as less available in their neighbourhood, those who saw them as more available had odds 1.48 greater (1.31–1.66) of eating fruits, and 1.47 greater (1.30–1.66) of eating vegetables, more than once per day. Conclusions: Perceived walkability and neighbourhood availability of healthy food were independently associated with the practice of physical activity and diet quality, respectively, underlining the importance of neighbourhood-level public policies to changing and maintaining health-related habits.
Keywords: Neighbourhood
Physical activity
Diet
Food environment
Public Health
keywords: Bairro
Atividade Física
Dieta
Ambiente alimentar
Saúde Pública
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: CHOR, Dóra et al. Association between perceived neighbourhood characteristics, physical activity and diet quality: results of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). BMC Public Health, v. 16, n. 751, p. 1-11, 2016.
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-3447-5
ISSN: 1471-2458
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:Presidência Fiocruz - PROCC - Artigos de Periódicos
ENSP - Artigos de Periódicos
IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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