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|Title:||Mansonella ozzardi in Amazonas, Brazil: prevalence and distribution in the municipality of Coari, in the middle Solimões River|
Pessoa, Felipe Arley Costa
Medeiros, Maurício Borborema de
Andrade, Edmar Vaz de
Medeiros, Jansen Fernandes
|Affilliation:||Universidade do Estado do Amazonas. Fundação de Medicina Tropical do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.|
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Leônidas e Maria Deane. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Universidade do Estado do Amazonas. Fundação de Medicina Tropical do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Amazonas. Centro de Apoio Multidisciplinar. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, AM, Brasil.
|Abstract:||This study investigated some epidemiological aspects of the Mansonella ozzardi in municipality of Coari, Amazonas. Clinical symptoms were correlated with the filarial infection and the parasitic infection rates (PIR) were estimated in simuliid vectors. The general M. ozzardi human prevalence rate was 13.3% (231/1733), of which 10.2% (109/1069) were from the urban area and 18.4% (122/664) from the rural area. The prevalence rates were higher in men (14.5% urban and 19.7% rural) than in women (6.7% urban and 17.2% rural) and occurred in most age groups. The indices of microfilaremics were higher in people ≥ 51 years old (26.9% urban and 61.5% rural). High prevalence rates were observed in retired people (27.1% urban area), housewives and farmer (41.6% and 25%, respectively, in rural area). The main clinical symptoms were joint pains and sensation of leg coldness. Only Cerqueirellum argentiscutum (Simuliidae) transmits M. ozzardi in this municipality (PIR = 5.6% urban and 7.1% rural). M. ozzardi is a widely distributed parasitic disease in Coari. Thus, temporary residency in the region of people from other localities involved with the local gas exploitation might be a contributing factor in spreading the disease.|
|Citation:||MARTINS, Marilaine et al. Mansonella ozzardi in Amazonas, Brazil: prevalence and distribution in the municipality of Coari, in the middle Solimões River. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, v. 105, n. 3, p. 246-253, May 2010.|
|Appears in Collections:||AM - ILMD - Artigos de Periódicos|
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