Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/21087
Title: Individual and contextual determinants of malocclusion in 12-year-old schoolchildren in a Brazilian city
Authors: Jordão, Lidia Moraes Ribeiro
Vasconcelos, Daniela Nobre
Moreira, Rafael da Silveira
Freire, Maria do Carmo Matias
Affilliation: Universidade Federal de Goiás. Faculdade de Odontologia, Departamento de Ciências Estomatológicas, Goiânia, GO, Brasil
Universidade Federal de Goiás. Faculdade de Odontologia, Departamento de Ciências Estomatológicas, Goiânia, GO, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Aggeu Magalhães. Recife, PE, Brasil
Universidade Federal de Goiás. Faculdade de Odontologia, Departamento de Ciências Estomatológicas, Goiânia, GO, Brasil
Abstract: The aim of this study was to describe malocclusion prevalence and its association with individual and contextual factors among Brazilian 12-year-old schoolchildren. This cross-sectional study included data from an oral health survey carried out in Goiânia, Brazil (n = 2,075), and data from the files of the local health authority. The data were collected through oral clinical examinations. The Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) was used to assess occlusion. The presence of malocclusion (DAI > 25) was used as the dependent variable. The individual independent variables consisted of adolescents' sex and race and their mothers' level of schooling. The clinical variables were caries experience and presence of adverse periodontal condition (calculus and/or gingival bleeding). The contextual variables included type of school and the location of schools in the city's health districts. The Rao-Scott test and multilevel logistic regression were performed. The prevalence of malocclusion was 40.1%. In the final model, significantly higher rates of malocclusion were found among those who attended schools located in less affluent health districts and whose mothers had fewer years of education. Rates were also higher among those presenting calculus and/or gingival bleeding. Malocclusion demonstrated a high prevalence rate and the inequalities in its distribution were determined by individual and contextual factors.
Keywords: Child
Dental Calculus
Dental Caries
Epidemiologic Methods
Brazil
Humans
Female
Male
Malocclusion
epidemiology
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
keywords: Má Oclusão
DeCS: Criança
Cálculos Dentários
Cárie Dentária
Métodos Epidemiológicos
Brasil
Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Má Oclusão
epidemiologia
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: JORDÃO, L. M. R. et al. Individual and contextual determinants of malocclusion in 12-year-old schoolchildren in a Brazilian city. Brazilian Oral Research, v. 29, 2015.
DOI: 10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2015.vol29.0095
ISSN: 1807-3107
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:PE - IAM - Artigos de Periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
26247517 2015 jor-ind.oa.pdf239.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInGoogle BookmarksBibTex Format mendeley Endnote DiggMySpace

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.