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|Title:||Beyond simple approaches to studying the association between work characteristics and absenteeism: Combining the DCS and ERI models|
|Authors:||Griep, Rosane Härter|
|Affilliation:||Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Educação em Ambiente e Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil.|
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Educação em Ambiente e Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Departamento de Epidemiologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil.
Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet. Centre for Health Equity Studies. Stockholm, Sweden.
State University of New York-Downstate Medical Center. Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences. New York, NY, USA.
|Abstract:||The Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models assess different psychosocial factors. This study investigates whether a combination of these models increases their ability to predict sickness absence, as compared to results based on each model separately. A cross-sectional study with nursing personnel (N 1307) in Brazil was performed. Regression analyses were conducted in three stages: analysis of each scale of the models and sickness absences; assessment of the independent association of each model with sickness absences; assessment of the associations of three combinations of models/scales with sickness absences: DCand social support (SS), ERI and overcommitment, andDC and ERI. As regards comparisons between the stress models, ERI was shown to be independently associated with short (up to 9 days) and long (10 days or more) spells of absenteeism. The same result held true for low social support. The combinations DC-ERI and DC-SS were better predictors for short spells than each model/scale separately, whereas for long spells, the combination DC-SS was the best predictor. ERI seems to be a good instrument for predicting absenteeism if used alone, whereas DC performed better when combined with ERI or SS. An improved risk estimation of sickness absences by combining information from the two models was observed.|
|keywords:||Condições de trabalho|
Saúde do Trabalhador
Estresse relacionado ao trabalho
Modelos de estresse
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Citation:||HÄRTER, Rosane Griep; et al. Beyond simple approaches to studying the association between work characteristics and absenteeism: Combining the DCS and ERI models. Work & Stress, v.24, n.2, p.179-195, 2010.|
|Appears in Collections:||ENSP - Artigos de Periódicos|
IOC - Artigos de Periódicos
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