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|Title:||The Impact of Global Environmental Changes on Infectious Disease Emergence with a Focus on Risks for Brazil|
Shimabukuro, Juliana Suieko
Luz, Sérgio Luiz Bessa
|Affilliation:||Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Leônidas e Maria Deane. Manaus, AM, Brasil.|
Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
EcoHealth Alliance. New York, NY, USA / Kingston University. London, United Kingdom.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Leônidas e Maria Deane. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
|Abstract:||Environmental changes have a huge impact on the emergence and reemergence of certain infectious diseases, mostly in countries with high biodiversity and serious unresolved environmental, social, and economic issues. This article summarizes the most important findings with special attention to Brazil and diseases of present public health importance in the country such as Chikungunya, dengue fever, yellow fever, Zika, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, leptospirosis, leishmaniasis, and Chagas disease. An extensive literature review revealed a relationship between infectious diseases outbreaks and climate change events (El Niño, La Niña, heatwaves, droughts, floods, increased temperature, higher rainfall, and others) or environmental changes (habitat fragmentation, deforestation, urbanization, bushmeat consumption, and others). To avoid or control outbreaks, integrated surveillance systems and effective outreach programs are essential. Due to strong global and local in fluence on emergence of infectious diseases, a more holistic approach is necessary to mitigate or control them in low-income nations.|
|Citation:||NAVA, Alessandra Nava; SHIMABUKURO, Juliana Suieko; CHMURA, Aleksei A.; LUZ, Sérgio Luiz Bessa. The Impact of Global Environmental Changes on Infectious Disease Emergence with a Focus on Risks for Brazil. ILAR Journal, London, 2017.|
|Appears in Collections:||AM - ILMD - Artigos de Periódicos|
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