Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/25814
Title: Substance use among HIV-infected patients in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Agreement between medical records and the ASSIST questionnaire
Authors: Machado, Iona K.
Luz, Paula M.
Lake, Jordan E.
Castro, Rodolfo
Velasque, Luciane
Clark, Jesse L.
Veloso, Valdilea G.
Grinsztejn, Beatriz
De Boni, Raquel B.
Affilliation: University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, USA / Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York, USA.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, USA
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil. / Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, USA
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: Background: Substance use assessment is a challenge in busy clinical settings that may adversely affect HIVinfected persons. This study aimed to evaluate agreement between the medical chart and a standardized substance use screening questionnaire. Methods: Of adults (n = 1050) in HIV care in Rio de Janeiro who completed the World Health Organization’s Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST), we randomly selected 200 participants for medical chart review. Lifetime use of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine agreement between the medical record and ASSIST was evaluated using Kappa statistics. Sensitivity and specificity of chart information were also calculated. Results: The median age was 42.4 years, 60.3% were male and 49.5% were white. Prevalence of lifetime use reported in ASSIST was 55.3% (tobacco), 79.4% (alcohol), 23.1% (marijuana), and 20.7% (cocaine). Any information on lifetime use was found in the medical chart for tobacco (n = 180, 90.5%), alcohol (n = 183, 92.0%), marijuana (n = 143, 71.8%), and cocaine (n = 151, 75.9%). The Kappa statistic, sensitivity and specificity of the medical chart accurately identifying lifetime substance users per ASSIST were respectively 0.60, 0.71, and 0.91 for tobacco; 0.22, 0.75, and 0.51 for alcohol; 0.58, 0.51, and 0.98 for marijuana; and 0.73, 0.75, and 0.96 for cocaine. Conclusion: Considering inaccuracies in the medical chart, the implementation of brief, standardized substance use screening is recommended in HIV care settings.
Keywords: Substance use
Medical Records
AIDS
HIV
Surveys and Questionnaires
DeCS: Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias
Registros Médicos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida
HIV
Inquéritos e Questionários
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsivier
Citation: MACHADO, Iona K. et al. Substance use among HIV-infected patients in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Agreement between medical records and the ASSIST questionnaire. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, v. 178, p.115-118, 2017.
DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.04.033
ISSN: 0376-8716
Copyright: restricted access
Appears in Collections:INI - Artigos de Periódicos

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