Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Measuring socioeconomic inequalities in the use of dental care services among older adults in Brazil
Authors: Andrade, Fabíola Bof de
Andrade, Flávia Cristina Drumond
Noronha, Kenya
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Rene Rachou. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Champaign, IL, USA
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Centro de Desenvolvimento e Planejamento Regional Belo Horizonte, MG,Brazil
Abstract: Objectives: The primary objectives are to assess socioeconomic inequality in the use of dental care among older Brazilian adults and to analyse the extent to which certain determinants contribute to that inequality. Methods: A cross-sectional study using data from the National Oral Health Survey conducted in 2010. All individuals answered a structured questionnaire containing questions on their use of dental care and socioeconomic conditions and underwent a clinical oral examination by a dentist. Concentration indices were decomposed to determine the contribution of socioeconomic factors to inequalities. Results: Being in the fifth wealth, quintile was associated with higher odds of having recently visited a dentist (reference: 1st quintile, odds-ratio (OR) 2.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.51-3.38). In addition, being in the top two quintiles of wealth was negatively associated with the use of public dental services. Having eight or more years of schooling was associated with higher odds of both having a recent dental visit and receiving preventive care (relative to having 0-3 years of education), and negatively associated with using public dental services. Results indicate pro-rich inequalities in recent dental visits and preventive dental care. Further, there was a pro-poor inequality in the use of public dental care services. Conclusions: The recent use of dental care and the use of preventive care are disproportionately concentrated among wealthier older adults, whereas the use of public services is more common among poorer individuals. Wealth inequalities in dental care use were mainly explained by socioeconomic factors, such as wealth and education, rather than oral health factors, such as needing treatment or a dental prosthesis.
Keywords: dental care
older adults
oral health
keywords: cuidados odontologicos
saude oral
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Citation: ANDRADE, Fabíola Bof de; ANDRADE, Flávia Cristina Drumond; NORONHA, Kenya. Measuring socioeconomic inequalities in the use of dental care services among older adults in Brazil. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, v. 45, n. 6, p. 559-566, 2017
DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12323
ISSN: 0301-5661
Copyright: restricted access
Appears in Collections:MG - IRR - Artigos de Periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Measuring socioeconomic inequalities.pdf110.95 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy

FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInGoogle BookmarksBibTex Format mendeley Endnote DiggMySpace

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.