Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/28622
Title: Clinical and immunological profiles of anaemia in children and adolescents with Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon
Authors: Ventura, Ana Maria Revoredo da Silva
Fernandes, Andrea Aparecida Moraes
Zanini, Graziela Maria
Pratt-Riccio, Lilian Rose
Sequeira, Carina Guilhon
Monte, Carlos Rodrigo Souza do
Martins Filho, Arnaldo Jorge
Machado, Ricardo Luiz Dantas
Libonati, Rosana Maria Feio
Souza, José Maria de
Daniel-Ribeiro, Cláudio Tadeu
Affilliation: Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde.Instituto Evandro Chagas. Laboratório de Ensaios Clínicos em Malária. Ananindeua, PA, Brasil / Universidade do Estado do Pará. Departamento de Saúde Integrada. Serviço de Pediatria. Belém, PA, Brasil.
Centro Universitário FIEO. Osasco, SP, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Pesquisa em Malária. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Pesquisa em Malária. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade do Estado do Pará. Departamento de Saúde Integrada. Serviço de Pediatria. Belém, PA, Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Pará. Núcleo de Medicina Tropical. Belém, PA, Brasil.
Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde.Instituto Evandro Chagas. Serviço de Patologia Clínica. Ananindeua, PA, Brasil.
Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde.Instituto Evandro Chagas.Laboratório de Imunogenética. Ananindeua, PA, Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Pará. Núcleo de Medicina Tropical. Belém, PA, Brasil.
Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde.Instituto Evandro Chagas. Laboratório de Ensaios Clínicos em Malária. Ananindeua, PA, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Pesquisa em Malária. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: Children and adolescents are at great risk for developing iron deficiency anaemia worldwide. In the tropical areas, malaria and intestinal parasites may also play an important role in anaemia pathogenesis. This study aimed at evaluating clinical and immunological aspects of anaemia in children and adolescents with Plasmodium vivax malaria, in the Pará State, Brazil. A longitudinal study was performed in two Reference Centers for malaria diagnosis in the Brazilian Amazon in children and adolescents with malaria (n = 81), as compared to a control group (n = 40). Patients had blood drawn three times [before treatment (D0), after treatment (D7) and at the first cure control (D30)] and hemogram, autoantibody analysis (anticardiolipin, antibodies against normal RBC membrane components) and cytokine studies (TNF and IL-10) were performed. Stool samples were collected for a parasitological examination. Malaria patients had a 2.7-fold greater chance of anaemia than the control group. At D0, 66.1% of the patients had mild anaemia, 30.5% had moderate and 3.5% had severe anaemia. Positivity to intestinal helminths and/or protozoa at stool examinations had no influence on anaemia. Patients had significantly lower levels of plasmatic TNF than control individuals at D0. Low TNF levels were more prevalent among patients with moderate/severe anaemia than in those with mild anaemia and among anaemic patients than in anaemic controls. TNF levels were positively correlated with the haemoglobin rates and negatively correlated with the interval time elapsed between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis. Both plasma TNF levels and haemoglobin rates increased during the follow-up period. The IL-10 levels were lower in patients than in the controls at day 0 and decreased thereafter up to the end of treatment. Only the anti-anticardiolipin autoantibodies were associated with moderate/severe anaemia and, possibly by reacting with the parasite glycosylphosphatidylinositol (a powerful stimulator of TNF production), may have indirectly contributed to decrease the TNF levels, which could be involved in the malarial vivax anaemia of these children and adolescents. More studies addressing this issue are necessary to confirm these findings and to add more information on the multifactorial pathogenesis of the malarial anaemia.
Keywords: Plasmodium vivax anaemia
Children and adolescents
Cytokines
Autoantibodies
Intestinal parasites
Malaria
keywords: Anemia de Plasmodium vivax
Crianças e adolescentes
Citocinas
Autoanticorpos
Parasitas intestinais
Malária
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: VENTURA, Ana Maria Revoredo da Silva; et al. Clinical and immunological profiles of anaemia in children and adolescents with Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Acta Tropica, v.181, p.122-131, Feb. 2018.
DOI: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2018.01.022
ISSN: 0001-706X
Copyright: restricted access
Appears in Collections:IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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