Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/29116
Title: Anaplasmataceae em gatos (Felis catus) no município de Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro
Other Titles: Anaplasmataceae in cats (Felis catus) in the city of Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro
Authors: Pinto, Anderson B. T.
Paludo, Giane R.
Gazêta, Gilberto S.
Jardim, Mariana P. B.
Scalon, Marcela C.
Silva, Arannadia B.
Albernaz, Antonio P.
Affilliation: Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro. Hospital Universitário. Laboratório de Clínica e Cirurgia Animal. Campos dos Goytacazes. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade de Brasília. Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária. Laboratório de Patologia Clínica Veterinária. Brasília, DF, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Referência Nacional em Vetores das Riquetsioses. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil / Secretaria Estadual de Saúde do Rio de Janeiro. Laboratório de Referência Estadual em Acari. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro. Hospital Universitário. Laboratório de Clínica e Cirurgia Animal. Campos dos Goytacazes. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade de Brasília. Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária. Laboratório de Patologia Clínica Veterinária. Brasília, DF, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Referência Nacional em Vetores das Riquetsioses. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil / Secretaria Estadual de Saúde do Rio de Janeiro. Laboratório de Referência Estadual em Acari. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro. Hospital Universitário. Laboratório de Clínica e Cirurgia Animal. Campos dos Goytacazes. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: In Brazil, by the year 2000, rickettsioses in domestic cats were little known and there were only sporadic reports of Ehrlichia sp. Recent research involving molecular biology and rickettsioses confirm the notion of the presence of theses agents in cats and show the need for more studies in Brazil. The objective of this paper was to characterize agents belonging to the Anaplasmataceae family that affect domestic cats and to clarify the importance of cats in the epidemiology of rickettsioses by molecular and serological methods associating the presence of disease with clinical and laboratory parameters. Blood samples were obtained from 60 healthy domestic cats. Blood count and serum biochemical tests were performed, and the data were registered. The samples were processed to obtain cell concentration and serum to perform the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) respectively, in order to identify agents of the Anaplasmataceae family. The data were used for descriptive analysis to obtain frequencies and to perform non-parametric tests with the chi-square test (p≤5%), besides the laboratory findings of infection by Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Anaplasma platys. The results revealed that 33.33% of the agents belonged to the Anaplasmataceae family, 8.33% for E. canis, 20% for A. platys, and 10% for A. phagocytophilum. Serology samples were examined by indirect immunofluorescence to check samples reacting to A. phagocytophilum, with positive reaction of 8.33%. The most frequent clinical and laboratory findings in patients positive for Anaplasmataceae agents were lethargy, enlargement of lymph nodes, pale mucous membranes, dehydration, thrombocytopenia, hyperglobulinemia and hypoalbuminemia. These data had non-parametric correlation and the laboratory changes and presence of positive cats was not interdependent. Identification of E. canis and A. platys revealed the disease in the region of Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ. The presence of A. phagocytophilum is considered an important finding due to its zoonotic potential.
Keywords: Anaplasmataceae
ehrlichiosis
cats
clinical and laboratory findings
PCR
immunofluorescence indirect assay
Rio de Janeiro
parasitoses
keywords: Anaplasmataceae
ensaio indireto de imunofluorescência
achados clínicos e laboratoriais
Ehrlichiose
gatos
Anaplasmose
DeCS: Delírio de Parasitose
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal
Citation: PINTO, Anderson B. T. et al. Anaplasmataceae em gatos (Felis catus) no município de Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro. Pesq. Vet. Bras. v.38, n.6, p.1137-1150, jun. 2018.
DOI: 10.1590/1678-5150-PVB-4753
ISSN: 0100-736X
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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