Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/29136
Title: Brazilian legislation on genetic heritage harms Biodiversity Convention goals and threatens basic biology research and education
Authors: Gil-Santana, Hélcio R.
D´Andrea, Paulo Sergio
Vilela, Roberto V.
Oliveira, Maria de Lourdes A.
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: Beginning in November 2018, Brazilian legislation regulating access to genetic heritage and associated traditional knowledge will cause a bureaucratic collapse of Biodiversity research in Brazil. Law number 13.123/2015 and Decree 8772/2016 impose severe barriers to basic and applied research, and to international cooperation by introducing mandatory registry of research access to native organisms in Brazil. This legal framework was meant to improve governmental control over systems of biotechnology research using genetic material and associated chemical compounds, which are central points of the Nagoya Protocol (CBD 2011) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD 1992, 2012). However, the requirements imposed by the mandatory registry of research in the new National System for Governance of Genetic Heritage and Associated Traditional Knowledge (SisGen), the system of Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs), and the need to record access to organismal data prior to publication of scientific results or exportation of specimens for scientific research are technically impracticable and not part of the Nagoya Protocol or CBD ..
Keywords: Brazilian legislation
genetic heritage
Biodiversity Convention
biology research and education
keywords: Legislação brasileira
Convenção da Biodiversidade
Patrimônio genético
Educação
Pesquisa
Biologia
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Citation: ALVES, Ruy José V. et al. Brazilian legislation on genetic heritage harms Biodiversity Convention goals and threatens basic biology research and education. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v.90, n.2, p.1279-1284, 2018.
DOI: 10.1590/0001-3765201820180460
ISSN: 0001-3765
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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