Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/30975
Title: Effect of Fruit and Leaves of Meliaceae Plants (Azadirachta indica and Melia azedarach) on the Development of Lutzomyia longipalpis Larvae (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) Under Experimental Conditions
Authors: Coelho, Cláudia A. Andrade
Souza, Nataly A.
Gouveia, Cheryl
Silva, Vanderlei C.
Gonzales, Marcelo S.
Rangel, Elizabeth F.
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Transmissores de Leishmanioses. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Transmissores de Leishmanioses. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Transmissores de Leishmanioses. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Transmissores de Leishmanioses. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade Federal Fluminense. Departamento de Biologia Geral. Niterói, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Transmissores de Leishmanioses. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: This no-choice, laboratory study focuses on the feeding of dried, ground, homogeneous powdered, unprocessed fruit and leaves of Azadirachta indica and Melia azedarach to Lutzomyia longipalpis larvae to determine the effects on their mortality and metamorphosis. A. indica and M. azedarach fruit and leaves signiÞcantly increased larval mortality in comparison to larvae fed the untreated, standard diet. A. indica fruit and leaves blocked the molting of the larvae to the fourth instar, resulting in them remaining as third instars until the end of the experiment. M. azedarach fruit also blocked the molting of larvae, which remained permanently in the fourth instar. Feeding M. azedarach leaves resulted in greater molt inhibition. All insects in this group stopped their development as second-instar larvae. No antifeedant effect was detected for any experimental treatment. The results indicate that nontoxic, unprocessed materials obtained from A. indica and M. azedarach are potent development inhibitors of L. longipalpis larvae.
Keywords: Lutzomyia longipalpis
Azadirachta indica
Melia azedarach
Metamorphosis
Ecdysis
keywords: Lutzomyia longipalpis
Azadirachta indica
Metamorfose
Muda
DeCS: Muda
Melia azedarach
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: COELHO, Cláudia A. Andrade et al. Effect of Fruit and Leaves of Meliaceae Plants (Azadirachta indica and Melia azedarach) on the Development of Lutzomyia longipalpis Larvae (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) Under Experimental Conditions. Journal of Medical Entomology, v. 46, n. 5, p. 1125-1130, 2009.
DOI: 10.1603/033.046.0520
ISSN: 0022-2585
Copyright: restricted access
Appears in Collections:IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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