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Title: Tuberculosis, social determinants and co-morbidities (including HIV)
Authors: Duarte, R.
Lönnroth, K.
Carvalho, C.
Lima, F.
Carvalho, A. C. C.
Muñoz-Torrico, M.
Centis, R.
Affilliation: Universidade do Porto. Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho EPE. Departamento de Pneumologia. Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal / ISPUP-EPIUnit. Universidade do Porto. Porto, Portugal / Universidade do Porto. Faculdade de Medicina. Departamento de Ciências da Saúde Pública e Forenses e Educação Médica, Porto, Portugal /
Karolinska Institutet. Department of Public Health Sciences. Stockholm, Sweden / Centre for Epidemiology and Community Medicine. Stockholm County, Sweden.
Centro Hospitalar São João. Serviço de Doenças Infecciosas. Porto Portugal.
Universidade do Porto. Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho EPE. Departamento de Pneumologia. Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Inovações em Terapias, Ensino e Bioprodutos. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
nstituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias. Clínica de Tuberculosis. Mexico.
WHO Collaborating Centre for TB and Lung Diseases; Maugeri Institute; IRCCS; Tradate, Italy.
Abstract: The risk of exposure, progression to active tuberculosis (TB) and then to cure is a process affected by several risk factors. Along with well known risk factors such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), use of immunosuppressive drugs and being of young age, emerging risk factors such socio-economic and behavioral aspects play a significant role in increasing the susceptibility to infection, and unsuccessful treatment outcomes. This paper summarizes the effects of these socio-economic determinants and co-morbidities (including HIV) on TB infection and disease.
Keywords: Tuberculosis
Socio-economic determinants
keywords: Tuberculose
Determinantes sócio-econômicos
Má nutrição
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia
Citation: DUARTE, R. et al. Tuberculosis, social determinants and co-morbidities (including HIV). Pulmonology, v. 24, n. 2, p.1 15-119, 2018.
DOI: 10.1016/j.rppnen.2017.11.003
ISSN: 2173-5115
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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