Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/31851
Title: Malaria in the State of Amazonas: a typical Brazilian tropical disease influenced by waves of economic development
Authors: Sampaio, Vanderson Souza
Siqueira, André Machado
Alecrim, Maria das Graças Costa
Mourão, Maria Paula Gomes
Marchesini, Paola Barbosa
Albuquerque, Bernardino Cláudio
Nascimento, Joabi
Figueira, Élder Augusto Guimarães
Alecrim, Wilson Duarte
Monteiro, Wuelton Marcelo
Lacerda, Marcus Vinícius Guimarães
Affilliation: Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado. Manaus, AM, Brasil / Universidade do Estado do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil / Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado. Manaus, AM, Brasil / Universidade do Estado do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado. Manaus, AM, Brasil / Universidade do Estado do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Ministério da Saúde. Coordenação Nacional do Programa de Malária. Brasília, DF, Brasil.
Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado. Manaus, AM, Brasil / Universidade do Estado do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Vigilância em Saúde do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado. Manaus, AM, Brasil / Universidade do Estado do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado. Manaus, AM, Brasil / Universidade do Estado do Amazonas. Manaus, AM, Brasil / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto de Pesquisa Leônidas e Maria Deane. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Abstract: In Brazil, more than 99% of malaria cases are reported in the Amazon, and the State of Amazonas accounts for 40% of this total. However, the accumulated experience and challenges in controlling malaria in this region in recent decades have not been reported. Throughout the first economic cycle during the rubber boom (1879 to 1912), malaria was recorded in the entire state, with the highest incidence in the villages near the Madeira River in the Southern part of the State of Amazonas. In the 1970s, during the second economic development cycle, the economy turned to the industrial sector and demanded a large labor force, resulting in a large migratory influx to the capital Manaus. Over time, a gradual increase in malaria transmission was observed in peri-urban areas. In the 1990s, the stimulation of agroforestry, particularly fish farming, led to the formation of permanent Anopheline breeding sites and increased malaria in settlements. The estimation of environmental impacts and the planning of measures to mitigate them, as seen in the construction of the Coari-Manaus gas pipeline, proved effective. Considering the changes occurred since the Amsterdam Conference in 1992, disease control has been based on early diagnosis and treatment, but the development of parasites that are resistant to major antimalarial drugs in Brazilian Amazon has posed a new challenge. Despite the decreased lethality and the gradual decrease in the number of malaria cases, disease elimination, which should be associated with government programs for economic development in the region, continues to be a challenge.
Keywords: Malaria
Epidemiology
Surveillance
Amazon
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Citation: SAMPAIO, Vanderson Souza et al. Malaria in the State of Amazonas: a typical Brazilian tropical disease infl uenced by waves of economic development. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, v. 48 (Suppl I), p. 4-11, 2015.
DOI: 10.1590/0037-8682-0275-2014
ISSN: 0037-8682
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:AM - ILMD - Artigos de Periódicos
INI - Artigos de Periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
ve_Sampaio_Vanderson_etal_INI_2015.pdf1.46 MBAdobe PDFView/Open



FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInGoogle BookmarksBibTex Format mendeley Endnote DiggMySpace

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.