Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/32945
Title: Contextual characteristics associated with the perceived neighbourhood scale in a cross-sectional study in a large urban centre in Brazil
Authors: Célio, Fabiano de Almeida
Friche, Amélia Augusta de Lima
Jennings, M Zane
Andrade, Amanda Cristina de Souza
Xavier, Cesar Coelho
Proietti, Fernando Augusto
Coulton, Claudia J
Caiaffa, Waleska Teixeira
Affilliation: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Faculdade de Medicina. Observatório de Saúde Urbana. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Faculdade de Medicina. Observatório de Saúde Urbana. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
School of Applied Social Sciences. Case Western Reserve University Jack Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences. Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Faculdade de Medicina. Observatório de Saúde Urbana. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
Faculdade de Saúde e Ecologia Humana. Vespasiano, MG, Brasil.
Faculdade de Saúde e Ecologia Humana. Vespasiano, MG, Brasil / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto René Rachou. Laboratório de Epidemiologia. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
School of Applied Social Sciences. Case Western Reserve University Jack Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences. Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Faculdade de Medicina. Observatório de Saúde Urbana. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
Abstract: Introduction Health outcomes have been associated with physical and social characteristics of neighbourhoods, but little is known about the relationship between contextual factors and perceived neighbourhood scale. Objective To identify the contextual factors associated with self-perceived neighbourhood scale. Methods We analysed data from a cross-sectional population-based study in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, that took place in 2008–2009. The dependent variable was perceived neighbourhood, encoded as an ordinal scale based on a brief description of the concept of the neighbourhood, and two independent scales relating distance, expressed in terms of geography and time. Street connectivity, demographic density and residents’ perceptions of the neighbourhoods’ physical and social environment were used as contextual predictors. Individual characteristics were used as covariates. Multilevel ordinal logistic regression models estimated the association between perceived neighbourhood scale and contextual characteristics. Results Residents that perceive better walkability (OR 2.96; 95% CI 1.29 to 3.82) and high amounts of violence (OR 1.35; 95% CI 1.12 to 1.62) perceived their neighbourhoods to be larger, even after adjusting for individual characteristics. Conclusion There are contextual factors that are associated with self-perceived neighbourhood scale. Careful definition of neighbourhood scale is a key factor in improving the results of eco-epidemiological studies. Although these findings must be further explored in other studies, these results can contribute to a better understanding of an appropriate choice of neighbourhood scale, especially for cities in Latin America.
Keywords: Neighbourhoods
keywords: Vizinhos
Percepção da saúde
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: CÉLIO, Fabiano de Almeida et al. Contextual characteristics associated with the perceived neighbourhood scale in a cross-sectional study in a large urban centre in Brazil. BMJ Open, v. 8, n. 8, p. 1-9, 2018.
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021445
ISSN: 2044-6055
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:MG - IRR - Artigos de Periódicos

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