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MYELOID METAPLASIA OF SPLEEN IN HOOKWORM DISEASE
Cruz, W. O. | Date Issued: 1934
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
We investigated, in the liver and the spleen of ten pures cases of ankylostomiasis haemocytopoietic elements. We verified the weight of spleen in 23 cases of individuals from 3 to 60 years old. In no case did we meet with haemopoietic cells in liver. In seven cases we found in spleen elements of the red series at an advanced evolutional stage (orthochromatic erythroblasts with pyknotic nucleus). In some of these cases we observed megakaryocytes and numerous eosinophilous myelocytes.The three cases which did not show any myeloid metaplasia in spleen were from individuals of over 50 years. Nevertheless, in another case of an individual 59 years old this metaplasia was verified. In individuals of over 20 years, the average weight of spleen in nine cases appeared to be equal to the normal weight. In 14 other cases, between 3 and 14 years of age, the weight of this organ was always sensibly higher than in normal individuals of the corresponding age. These results suggest the possibility of the myeloid metaplasia being the fact responsible for the weight increase of spleen in young individuals victimatized by hookworm anaemia. The remarkable proliferation of orthochromatic erythroblasts shows that the degree and quickness of blood regeneration after iron administration are due, essentially, to the great quantity of haemoglobin previously formed in the spleen and bone marrow of ankylostomized organisms.