Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/52658
Title: The Search for Biomarkers and Treatments in Chagas Disease: Insights From TGF-Beta Studies and Immunogenetics
Authors: Ferreira, Roberto Rodrigues
Waghabi, Mariana Caldas
Bailly, Sabine
Feige, Jean-Jacques
Hasslocher-Moreno, Alejandro M.
Saraiva, Roberto M.
Araujo-Jorge, Tania C.
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Inovações em Terapias, Educação e Bioprodutos. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Genômica Funcional e Bioinformática. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Genômica Funcional e Bioinformática. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique. Inserm. Université Grenoble Alpes. Laboratory Biology of Cancer and Infection. Grenoble, France.
Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique. Inserm. Université Grenoble Alpes. Laboratory Biology of Cancer and Infection. Grenoble, France.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas. Laboratório de Pesquisa Clínica da Doença de Chagas. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas. Laboratório de Pesquisa Clínica da Doença de Chagas. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Laboratório de Inovações em Terapias, Educação e Bioprodutos. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Abstract: The anti-inflammatory cytokine transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) plays an important role in Chagas disease (CD), a potentially life-threatening illness caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. In this review we revisited clinical studies in CD patients combined with in vitro and in vivo experiments, presenting three main sections: an overview of epidemiological, economic, and clinical aspects of CD and the need for new biomarkers and treatment; a brief panorama of TGF-β roles and its intracellular signaling pathways, and an update of what is known about TGF-β and Chagas disease. In in vitro assays, TGF-β increases during T. cruzi infection and modulates heart cells invasion by the parasite fostering its intracellular parasite cycle. TGF-β modulates host immune response and inflammation, increases heart fibrosis, stimulates remodeling, and slows heart conduction via gap junction modulation. TGF-β signaling inhibitors reverts these effects opening a promising therapeutic approach in pre-clinical studies. CD patients with higher TGF-β1 serum level show a worse clinical outcome, implicating a predictive value of serum TGF-β as a surrogate biomarker of clinical relevance. Moreover, pre-clinical studies in chronic T. cruzi infected mice proved that inhibition of TGF-β pathway improved several cardiac electric parameters, reversed the loss of connexin-43 enriched intercellular plaques, reduced fibrosis of the cardiac tissue, restored GATA-6 and Tbox-5 transcription, supporting cardiac recovery. Finally, TGF-β polymorphisms indicate that CD immunogenetics is at the base of this phenomenon. We searched in a Brazilian population five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (-800 G>A rs1800468, -509 C>T rs1800469, +10 T>C rs1800470, +25 G>C rs1800471, and +263 C>T rs1800472), showing that CD patients frequently express the TGF-β1 gene genotypes CT and TT at position -509, as compared to noninfected persons; similar results were observed with genotypes TC and CC at codon +10 of the TGF-β1 gene, leading to the conclusion that 509 C>T and +10 T>C TGF-β1 polymorphisms are associated with Chagas disease susceptibility. Studies in genetically different populations susceptible to CD will help to gather new insights and encourage the use of TGF-β as a CD biomarker.
Keywords: Chagas disease
TGF-beta
Biomarker
Fibrosis
Polymorphism
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Citation: FERREIRA, Roberto Rodrigues et al. The Search for Biomarkers and Treatments in Chagas Disease: Insights From TGF-Beta Studies and Immunogenetics. Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, v. 11, p. 1-9, 2022
DOI: 10.3389/fcimb.2021.767576
ISSN: 2235-2988
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:INI - Artigos de Periódicos
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