Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/5490
Title: Prevalence and determinants of erectile dysfunction in Santos, southeastern Brazil.
Authors: Moreira Júnior, Edson Duarte
Bestane, Walter Jorge
Bartolo, Elaine Bestane
Fittipaldi, João Antônio Saraiva
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Abstract: Recent population-based surveys suggest that the prevalence of erectile dysfunction is between 30% and 56% among men over the age of 40. Most of these studies, however, are from the United States or Europe. We need estimates of erectile dysfunction from samples of Brazilian populations, as societies that differ ethnically, culturally, and economically may also differ with respect to potential risk factors for erectile dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of erectile dysfunction and its potential correlates. SETTING: Santos, State of São Paulo. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A population-based sample of men aged 40-70 years. Out of 718 men invited, 342 (47.6%) returned a completed questionnaire. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Data on demographic variables, medical history, lifestyle habits and degree of erectile dysfunction. RESULTS: The prevalence of any degree of erectile dysfunction was 45.9% (minimal, 33.9%; moderate, 8.5%; complete, 3.5%) and increased with age. In bivariate age-adjusted analyses comparing men with no erectile dysfunction or minimal erectile dysfunction with those with moderate or complete erectile dysfunction, histories of diabetes or hypertension, depressive symptoms, heavy smoking and obesity were significantly associated with increased prevalence of erectile dysfunction, whereas moderate alcohol consumption was inversely associated with erectile dysfunction. In the multivariate model, age was a strong predictor of erectile dysfunction, while history of diabetes or hypertension and heavy smoking remained significantly associated with increased prevalence of erectile dysfunction. CONCLUSION: We found higher prevalence of erectile dysfunction (45.9%) among men older than 40 years old in Brazil. The variables associated with erectile dysfunction may alert physicians to patients who are at risk of erectile dysfunction as well as offer clues to the etiology of erectile dysfunction. Physicians should routinely ask their patients about sexual health and erectile dysfunction.
DeCS: Disfunção Erétil/epidemiologia
Adultos
Fatores Etários
Idoso
Brasil/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Humanos
Masculinos
Meia-Idade
Análise Multivariada
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Issue Date: 2002
Citation: MOREIRA JUNIOR, E.D. et al. Prevalence and determinants of erectile dysfunction in Santos, southeastern Brazil. Sao Paulo Medical Journal, v. 120, n. 2, p. 49-54, mar. 2002.
ISSN: 1516-3180
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos

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