Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/5525
Title: Prevalence and correlates of erectile dysfunction: results of the Brazilian study of sexual behavior.
Authors: Moreira Júnior, Edson Duarte
Abdo, Carmita Helena Najjar
Torres, Eliana Barreto
Lôbo, Carlos Fernando Lisboa
Fittipaldi, João Antônio Saraiva
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Departamento de Psiquiatria. Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Departamento de Psiquiatria. Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Laboratórios Pfizer. São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) and explore its potential sociodemographic, medical, and lifestyle correlates. METHODS: While attending the "Health Awareness Fair" in nine major cities in Brazil, 1286 men completed a questionnaire regarding ED, demographic data, and medical conditions. ED was assessed by a single global self-rating question, in which subjects were asked to describe themselves as able to achieve and maintain an erection good enough for sexual intercourse always, usually, sometimes, or never, and the responses were used to classify the subjects as having no, minimal, moderate, or complete ED, respectively. Age-adjusted bivariate and multivariate analyses were carried out to calculate the prevalence odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the potential covariates. RESULTS: Overall, 46.2% of men reported some degree of ED (minimal 31.5%, moderate 12.1%, complete 2.6%). The prevalence of complete ED increased 10 times from 1% to 11% between subjects younger than 40 and older than 70 years; moderate ED rose from 8% to 27%, and minimal ED remained constant at approximately 31%. In bivariate age-adjusted analyses, low educational attainment, black race/ethnicity, homo/bisexuality, and a history of diabetes, hypertension, or depression were significantly (P <0.05) associated with an increased prevalence of ED. In the multivariate logistic regression model, these variables remained significantly associated with ED. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study show that ED is a major health problem in Brazil and both the severity and prevalence increase with age. The medical, sociodemographic, and lifestyle variables associated with ED may alert physicians to patients who are at risk of ED, as well as offer clues to the etiology of ED.
DeCS: Disfunção Erétil/epidemiologia
Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto
Distribuição por idade
Idoso
Bissexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Brasil/epidemiologia
Comorbidade
Depressão/epidemiologia
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia
Heterossexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Homossexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Humanos
Hipertensão/epidemiologia
Estilo de Vida
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Análise Multivariada
Razão de Chances
Vigilância da População
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Issue Date: 2001
Citation: MOREIRA JUNIOR, E.D. et al. Prevalence and correlates of erectile dysfunction: results of the Brazilian study of sexual behavior. Urology, v. 58, n. 4, p. 583-8, Oct. 2001.
ISSN: 1527-9995
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos

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