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Title: Influence of Trypanosoma cruzi strain on the pathogenesis of chronic myocardiopathy in mice
Authors: Andrade, Sonia Gumes
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil.
Abstract: The murine model of chronic Chaga's myocardiopathy was developed in 201 inbred and outbred mice. The experimental groups consisted of 1st: 73 inbred AKR and A/J mice inoculated with one of the following Trypanosoma cruzi strains: Peruvian (Type I), 12 SF (Type II) or Colombian (Type III); 2nd: 128 outbred Swiss mice, chronically infected either with Type II or Type III strains isolated from human patients from different geographical areas. All T. cruzi strains were previously characterized by their morphobiological behaviour in mice and by isoenzymatic patterns. For the 1st group the inoculum was 5 x 10(4) for the Peruvian strain and 1 x 10(5) for the 12 SF and Colombian strains. In the 2nd group-Swiss mice the inoculum size varied from 2 x 10(4) to 2 x 10(5). The inbred animals were killed at a 3 time-point scale (90, 180 and 240 days) post-infection. The Swiss mice were killed from 180 to 660 days after infection. The evaluation of parasitemia and serology (xenodiagnosis and indirect immunofluorescent test) was performed. The incidence of macroscopic alterations of the heart and cardiac index were evaluated. Histopathological lesions of the myocardium were graded. The influence of T. cruzi strain on the intensity of cardiac lesions was evaluated by the Chi-square test; the incidence of inflammatory lesions and its relationship to the parasite strain was evaluated by the Fisher test. The influence of the duration of infection was evaluated by using the Gamma Coefficient of Kruskal and Goodman and its measure of significance. Slight to severe microscopic alterations occurred in 85% of the chronically infected mice. There were a clear predominance on the incidence and intensity of inflammatory and fibrotic alterations for the mice infected with Type III strains. Statistical analysis has shown significant differences among the infected groups, in the inflammatory and fibrotic lesions. Macroscopic alterations (right cavities dilatation and apex aneurism of left ventricle), differed in incidence according to mice strains; in Swiss and AKR mice, significant differences were seen in mice infected with different T. cruzi strains, but the A/J mice failed to show significant differences correlated with different parasite strains. The duration of infection, from 90 to 240 days, could not be correlated with the degree of lesions in the several groups.
Keywords: Trypanosoma cruzi
Chronic myocardiopathy
Murine model of Chaga's disease
Trypanosoma cruzi strains
DeCS: Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/parasitologia
Trypanosoma cruzi/fisiologia
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia
Fibrose Endomiocárdica/patologia
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
Camundongos Endogâmicos A
Camundongos Endogâmicos AKR
Especificidade da Espécie
Trypanosoma cruzi/classificação
Issue Date: 1990
Citation: ANDRADE, Sonia Gumes. Influence of Trypanosoma cruzi strain on the pathogenesis of chronic myocardiopathy in mice. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, v. 85, n. 1, p. 17-27, jan./mar. 1990.
DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761990000100003
ISSN: 0074-0276
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos

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