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Title: Epidemiological profile of snakebites in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2001-2006
Authors: Machado, C.
Bochner, Rosany
Fiszon, Judith Tiomny
Affilliation: Instituto Vital Brasil. Niterói, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Cientifica e Tecnológica em Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Ségio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Abstract: All snakebites registered in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, between 2001 and 2006 were analyzed. Of these, the snake species involved was identified in 2,431 cases, most of which were caused by Bothrops (2,347). Most victims were male (78.4%) and the age group most frequently attacked was between 20 and 39 years (38.4%). As for severity, 1,118 (45.9%) were classified as minor, 748 (30.7%) as moderate, and 209 (8.6%) as severe. Progression towards complete cure occurred in 1,567 patients; 39 had sequelae; three died; and clinical outcomes were not monitored in 822 cases. The time between bite and first medical attention was less than three hours in 74.6% of cases. Most occurred in municipalities with vast areas of preserved Atlantic Forest: Angra dos Reis (208), Rio de Janeiro (197), Parati (186), Teresópolis (134), and Petrópolis (110). Accident frequency was highest between November and April, in which the daily average is practically twice that observed in other months. Although results show that Rio de Janeiro state has a good level of medical care, it could be improved by creating multidisciplinary teams that include doctors, biologists, and nurses. The Vital Network for Brazil helps to promote a stimulating environment for this type of training, with both traditional courses and distance learning. Training hours must be increased to improve the skills of professionals responsible for victim care.
Keywords: snakebites
snake bite epidemiology
information systems
DeCS: Sistemas de Informação
Mordeduras de Serpentes / epidemiologia
Venenos de Serpentes
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: MACHADO, C. et al. Epidemiological profile of snakebites in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2001-2006. J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis, Botucatu, SP, v.18, n.2, p. 217-224, 2012
Description: The authors thank Dr. Antonio Joaquim Werneck de Castro and Luis Eduardo Ribeiro da Cunha of Vital Brazil Institute for providing the necessary facilities, and are also grateful to post-graduation program in Information and Communication in Health (PPGICS) of Fiocruz
ISSN: 1678-9199
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:ICICT - Artigos de Periódicos
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