Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/7531
Title: Leptospirosis in a subsistence farming community in Brazil.
Authors: Lacerda, Hênio G.
Monteiro, Glória Regina
Oliveira, Carlos C. G.
Suassuna, Fernando B.
Queiroz, José W.
Barbosa, James D. A.
Martins, Daniella R.
Reis, Mitermayer Galvão dos
Ko, Albert Icksang
Jerônimo, Selma Maria Bezerra
Affilliation: Gonçalo Moniz Research Center. Department of Biochemistry. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Natal, RN, Brasil
Gonçalo Moniz Research Center. Department of Biochemistry. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Natal, RN, Brasil
Gonçalo Moniz Research Center. Department of Biochemistry. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Natal, RN, Brasil
Gonçalo Moniz Research Center. Department of Biochemistry. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Natal, RN, Brasil
Gonçalo Moniz Research Center. Department of Biochemistry. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Natal, RN, Brasil
Gonçalo Moniz Research Center. Department of Biochemistry. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Natal, RN, Brasil
Gonçalo Moniz Research Center. Department of Biochemistry. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Natal, RN, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil / Weil Medical College of Cornell University. New York, USA
Gonçalo Moniz Research Center. Department of Biochemistry. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Natal, RN, Brasil
Abstract: Leptospirosis has been reported in rural areas of Brazil. However, there is limited information about the exposure risk or the risk of Leptospira infection for rural-based populations. A cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence and risk factors for prior Leptospira infection in a rural subsistence farming region of the state of Rio Grande do Norte, an area in which outbreaks of leptospirosis have occurred. Among 290 individuals enrolled, 44 (15.2%) had anti-Leptospira IgM antibodies as determined by IgM ELISA. Infection tended to occur with activities related to the rice fields (P=0.08). Our findings indicate that Leptospira infection occurs even in years of low rainfall, and may have an important impact among poor rural-based subsistence farmers in Brazil. Additional studies are needed to characterize the mode of transmission in this region.
Keywords: Leptospirosis
Disease outbreaks
Surveillance
Prevalence
Rural population
Brazil
DeCS: Doenças dos Trabalhadores Agrícolas/epidemiologia
Leptospirose/epidemiologia
Adolescente
Adulto
Doenças dos Trabalhadores Agrícolas/sangue
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue
Marcadores Biológicos/sangue
Brasil/epidemiologia
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Feminino
Humanos
Imunoglobulina M/sangue
Leptospira/imunologia
Leptospirose/sangue
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Saúde da População Rural
Adulto Jovem
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Citation: LACERDA, H. et al. Leptospirosis in a subsistence farming community in Brazil. Transactions Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, v. 102, n. 12, p. 1233-1238, 2008.
DOI: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.05.010
ISSN: 1878-3503
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos

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