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Title: Gender differences in growth of school-aged children with schistosomiasis and geohelminth infection
Authors: Parraga, Isabel Martin
Oliveira, Ana Marlucia de
Prado, Matildes da Silva
Barreto, Maurício Lima
Reis, Mitermayer Galvão dos
King, Charles H
Blanton, Ronald Edward
Affilliation: Department of Nutrition. Case Western Reserve University. Cleveland, OH
Universidade Federal da Bahia. Escola de Nutricao. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Universidade Federal da Bahia. Departamento de Medicina Preventitiva. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
South Green Road. South Euclid, OH
Division of Geographic Medicine. Case Western Reserve University. Cleveland, OH
Abstract: Light or moderate intensity infection with Schistosoma mansoni may contribute to growth deficits. We report on the effects of treatment for S. mansoni on growth and development in Brazilian schoolchildren. Anthro pometric measurements were taken from 539 S. mansoni-infected children and their age- and sex-matched egg negative controls between the ages of 7 and 15 years. The children as a whole exhibited chronic malnutrition, with growth retardation in height evident in 21% of the population. Infected children, however, were significantly smaller in height, weight, mid upper arm circumference (UAC), tricep skinfold (TSF), and subscapular skinfold (5SF) mea surements than control children (P < 0.05). These differences were due primarily to a greater disparity between infected and egg-negative girls in height (P < 0.01), weight (P 0.01), UAC (P = 0.02), and TSF (P < 0.01). Nevertheless, girls demonstrated a better level of development and nutrition compared with boys. While infected boys were shorter and weighed less than controls, these differences were not significant. Growth and development in girls was negatively correlated with intensity of infection. Coinfection with S. mansoni and Trichuris appeared to act synergistically in the development of malnutrition.
DeCS: Transtornos do Crescimento/etiologia
Transtornos Nutricionais/fisiopatologia
Esquistossomose mansoni/fisiopatologia
Caracteres Sexuais
Análise de Variância
Composição Corporal
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Método Duplo-Cego
Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia
Transtornos Nutricionais/complicações
Estado Nutricional
Contagem de Ovos de Parasitas
Esquistossomose mansoni/complicações
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Issue Date: 1996
Publisher: The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Citation: PARRAGA, I. M. et al. Gender differences in growth of school-aged children with schistosomiasis and geohelminth infection. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, v. 55, n. 2, p. 150-156, 1996.
ISSN: 0002-9637
Copyright: restricted access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos

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