Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/8084
Title: Impact of depression on quality of life in people living with human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) in Salvador, Brazil.
Authors: Castro, Ana Verena Galvão
Boa-Sorte, Ney Cristian Amaral
Kruschewsky, Ramon de Almeida
Grassi, Maria Fernanda Rios
Castro Filho, Bernardo Galvão
Affilliation: Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública. Salvador, BA, Brasil /Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública. Salvador, BA, Brasil / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Abstract: Purpose A previous study found the prevalence of depression in HTLV-1-infected patients to be approximately 30%, but few studies have attempted to correlate depression with quality of life (QOL) in these patients. The present study investigates the association between depression and QOL in people living with HTLV-1. Methods A clinical-epidemiological questionnaire, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and the WHOQOLBref were applied to 88 HTLV-1-infected patients (32 with TSP/HAM) at the HTLV Center of the Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health, Salvador, Brazil. Results The prevalence of depression among people living with HTLV-1 was 34.1%. Depression was significantly associated with a poor QOL in the physical, psychological, social relationship and environment domains, when controlling for other variables, such as gender, age, time of knowledge of serological diagnosis and presence of tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-1associated myelopathy (TSP/ HAM). Moreover, patients with TSP/HAM experienced a reduction in their QOL in the physical, psychological and environment domains. Conclusion Our results showed that depression negatively affects the quality of life of people living with HTLV-1, regardless of the presence of TSP/HAM. Since it is possible to improve a patient’s QOL by treating depression, psychological evaluations are strongly recommended as a measure to integrate the treatment protocols of HTLV-1 intervention programs.
Keywords: Human T-lymphotropic virus 1
Depression
Quality of life
HTLV-1-associated
Myelopathy
DeCS: Depressão/psicologia
Infecções por HTLV-I/psicologia
Vírus 1 Linfotrópico T Humano
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Análise de Variância
Brasil/epidemiologia
Intervalos de Confiança
Estudos Transversais
Depressão/complicações
Feminino
Infecções por HTLV-I/complicações
Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Psicometria
Questionários
Estresse Psicológico
Adulto Jovem
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Springer
Citation: GALVÃO-CASTRO, A. V. et al. Impact of depression on quality of life in people living with human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) in Salvador, Brazil. Quality of Life Research, v. 21, n. 9, p. 1545-1550, 2012.
DOI: 10.1007/s11136-011-0066-6
ISSN: 1573-2649
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos

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