Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/8212
Title: Seroprevalence of HIV, HTLV-I/II and other perinatally-transmitted pathogens in Salvador, Bahia.
Authors: Santos, Jairo Ivo dos
Lopes, Maria Aparecida de Araújo
Vasconcelos, Elizabeth Deliège
Fernandez, José Carlos Couto
Patel, Balmukund Niljay
Barreto, Maurício Lima
Ferreira Junior, Orlando da Costa Ferreira
Castro Filho, Bernardo Galvão
Affilliation: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Laboratório Avançado de Saúde Púbica. Salvador, BA, Brasil / Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Centro de Ciências da Saúde. Departamento de Análises Clínicas. Florianopolis, SC, Brasil
Secretaria de Saúde do Estado da Bahia. Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Laboratório Avançado de Saúde Púbica. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Laboratório Avançado de Saúde Púbica. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Laboratório Avançado de Saúde Púbica. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Universidade Federal da Bahia. Instituto de Saúde Coletiva. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas. São Paulo, SP, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Laboratório Avançado de Saúde Púbica. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Abstract: Generation of epidemiological data on perinatally-transmitted infections is a fundamental tool for the formulation of health policies. In Brazil, this information is scarce, particularly in Northeast, the poorest region of the country. In order to gain some insights of the problem we studied the seroprevalence of some perinatally-transmitted infections in 1,024 low income pregnant women in Salvador, Bahia. The prevalences were as follow: HIV-1 (0.10%), HTLV-I/II (0.88%), T.cruzi (2.34%). T.pallidum (3.91%), rubella virus (77.44%). T.gondii IgM (2.87%) and IgG (69.34%), HBs Ag (0.6%) and anti-HBs (7.62%). Rubella virus and T.gondii IgG antibodies were present in more than two thirds of pregnant women but antibodies against other pathogens were present at much lower rates. We found that the prevalence of HTLV-I/II was nine times higher than that found for HIV-1. In some cases such as T.cruzi and hepatitis B infection there was a decrease in the prevalence over the years. On the other hand, there was an increase in the seroprevalence of T.gondii infection. Our data strongly recommend mandatory screening tests for HTLV-I/II, T.gondii (IgM), T.pallidum and rubella virus in prenatal routine for pregnant women in Salvador. Screening test for T.cruzi, hepatitis and HIV-1 is recommended whenever risk factors associated with these infections are suspected. However in areas with high prevalence for these infections, the mandatory screening test in prenatal care should be considered.
Keywords: Pregnant women
Perinatally-transmitted pathogens
HIV
HTLV-I/II
Seroprevalence
DeCS: Infecções por Deltaretrovirus/epidemiologia
Soroprevalência de HIV
Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa
Adulto
Brasil/epidemiologia
Infecções por Deltaretrovirus/transmissão
Feminino
Vírus 1 Linfotrópico T Humano
Vírus 2 Linfotrópico T Humano
Humanos
Gravidez
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Issue Date: 1995
Publisher: Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Citation: SANTOS, J. I. dos et al. Seroprevalence of HIV, HTLV-I/II and other perinatally-transmitted pathogens in Salvador, Bahia. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, v. 37, n. 4, p. 343-348, 1995.
ISSN: 0036-4665
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos

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