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Title: Poverty, bridging between injecting drug users and the general population, and ‘‘interiorization’’ may explain the spread of HIV in southern Brazil
Authors: Hacker, Mariana de Andrea Vilas-Boas
Leite, Iúri da Costa
Friedman, Samuel R.
Carrijo, Renata Gracie
Bastos, Francisco Inácio Pinkusfeld Monteiro
Affilliation: Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. Oswaldo Cruz Institute. Leprosy Laboratory. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. National School of Public Health. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
National Development and Research Institutes. New York, NY, USA.
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. Institute of Scientific and Technological Information. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
Institute of Scientific and Technological Information, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Jnaeiro, Brazil
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study how structural determinants and the role of injecting drug users (IDUs) as a bridging population to the general population affected the AIDS subepidemic in southern Brazil during 1986–2000. Data from 288 southernmost Brazilian municipalities were analyzed. Using hierarchical modeling and inputs from a Geographic Information System, a multilevel model was constructed. The dependent variable was the logged AIDS standardized incidence rate (among the heterosexual population aged 15–69-years-old); independent variables included indicators for education, water provision, sewage, and garbage collection, per capita income, Gini coefficient (on income), Human Development Index, indicators of accessibility, and AIDS rate among IDUs. Significant predictors included AIDS rate among IDUs, distance from/to highways/railways, the Human Development Index and the ratio of residents who have access to sanitary installations. Poverty (as measured by socioeconomic indicators) and bridging from IDUs contribute to the spread of HIV/AIDS in Brazilian southern municipalities
Keywords: Aids
Injecting drug users
Hierarchical modeling
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Citation: Health & Place, v.15, n.2, p.514-519, 2009.
ISSN: 1353-8292
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:ICICT - Artigos de Periódicos

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