Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/9300
Title: Where does treatment optimism fit in? Examining factors associated with consistent condom use among people receiving antiretroviral treatment in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Authors: Hanif, Homaira
Bastos, Francisco I.
Malta, Monica S.
Bertoni, Neilane
Winch, Peter J.
Kerrigan, Deanna
Affilliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Department of International Health. Social and Behavioral Interventions Program. Baltimore, MD, USA.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde. Departamento de Informação em Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Departamento de Ciências da Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde. Departamento de Informação em Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Department of International Health. Social and Behavioral Interventions Program. Baltimore, MD, USA.
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Department of Health, Behavior and Society. Baltimore, MD, USA.
Abstract: In the era of highly active antiretrovirals, people living with HIV (PLWH) have resumed sexual activity in the context of longer and healthier lives, and thus the chances of transmitting the HIV virus, as well as the potential to be re-infected also increase. HIV treatment optimism has been found to be associated with sexual risk behaviors among PLWH in different settings. A cross sectional survey was conducted to examine the relationship between treatment optimism, safer sex burnout and consistent condom use as well as variables associated with treatment optimism in a sample of PLWH on antiretrovirals (ARVs) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (n = 604). Seventy-two percent of participants always used a condom in the last 6 months. Homosexual, bisexual, transexual persons were less likely to use condoms consistently than heterosexuals (AOR .58 CI .42–.78). Those who were treatment optimistic (AOR .46 CI .25–.88) were more likely not use a condom consistently in the past 6 months, as were participants who reported safer sex burnout (AOR .58 CI .36– .90). Sexual orientation, safer sex burnout, and lower education levels were significantly associated with higher treatment optimism in multivariate analysis. Study findings highlight the need to address psychosocial factors such as treatment optimism and safer sex burnout associated with lower consistent condom use among PLWH in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Keywords: HIV
Condom use
Treatment optimism
Safe sex burnout
Brazil
DeCS: Ciências da Saúde
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: HANIF, HOMAIRA; et al. Where does treatment optimism fit in? Examining factors associated with consistent condom use among people receiving antiretroviral treatment in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. AIDS and Behavior, v.1, p. 1,2014.
DOI: DOI:10.1007/s10461-014-0711-5
ISSN: 10907165
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:ICICT - Artigos de Periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
HANIF_ETAL_ICICT_2014.pdf203.3 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInGoogle BookmarksBibTex Format mendeley Endnote DiggMySpace

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.