Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/25636
Title: Body image dissatisfaction and dietary patterns according to nutritional status in adolescents
Authors: Silva, Rita de Cássia Ribeiro
Fiaccone, Rosemeire Leovigildo
Machado, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição
Ruiz, Ana Santos
Barreto, Maurício Lima
Santana, Mônica Leila Portela
Affilliation: Universidade Federal da Bahia. Escola de Nutrição. Departamento Ciência da Nutrição. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Universidade Federal da Bahia. Instituto de Matemática. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Universidade Federal da Bahia. Escola de Nutrição. Departamento Ciência da Nutrição. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Psicología de la Salud. Alicante, Spaind
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil / Universidade Federal da Bahia. Instituto de Saúde Coletiva. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Universidade Federal da Bahia. Escola de Nutrição. Departamento Ciência da Nutrição. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Abstract: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants com-pleted the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic datawere collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake.Logistic regression was performed to evaluate the associations of interest.Results: Body image dissatisfaction was identified in 19.5% of the adolescents. Three dietarypatterns were identified: (1) the Western pattern was composed of sweets and sugars, softdrinks, typical dishes, pastries, fast food, beef, milk, and dairy products; (2) the Traditionalpattern was composed of oils, chicken, fish, eggs, processed meat products, cereals (rice, cas-sava flour, pasta, etc.), baked beans, and bread; and (3) the Restrictive pattern was composedof granola, roots, vegetables, and fruit. Among overweight/obese adolescents, the data indi-cated a negative association of slight body image dissatisfaction (OR: 0.240 [0.100; 0.576])and moderate body image dissatisfaction (OR: 0.235 [0.086; 0.645]) with the Western dietarypattern. Additionally, in this group, there was a positive association between high body imagedissatisfaction and the Restrictive pattern (OR: 2.794 [1.178; 6.630]).
Keywords: Dietary patterns
Body image
Dissatisfaction
Adolescents
Body mass
keywords: Padrões dietéticos
Imagem corporal
Insatisfação
Adolescentes
Massa corporal
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria
Citation: SILVA, R. C. S. et al. Body image dissatisfaction and dietary patterns according to nutritional status in adolescents. Jornala de Pediatria, 2017.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jped.2017.05.005
ISSN: 0021-7557
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos
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