Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/26061
Title: Differences in the Prevalence of Non-Communicable Disease between Slum Dwellers and the General Population in a Large Urban Area in Brazil
Authors: Snyder, Robert E
Rajan, Jayant V
Costa, Federico
Lima, Helena Cristina Alves Vieira
Calcagno, Juan I
Couto, Ricardo David
Riley, Lee W
Reis, Mitermayer Galvão dos
Ko, Albert Icksang
Ribeiro, Guilherme de Sousa
Affilliation: University of California. Division of Epidemiology. Berkeley, CA, USA
University of California. Department of Medicine. San Francisco, CA, USA
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil / Universidade Federal da Bahia. Instituto de Saúde Coletiva. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Federal University of Bahia. Faculty of Pharmacy. Salvador, BA, Brasil / Federal University of Bahia. School of Medicine. Salvador, BA, Brasil
University of California. Division of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology. Berkeley, CA, USA
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil / Federal University of Bahia. School of Medicine. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil / Yale University School of Public Health. Department of the Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases. New Haven, CT, USA
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil / Universidade Federal da Bahia. Instituto de Saúde Coletiva. Salvador, BA, Brasil
Abstract: Residents of urban slums are at greater risk for disease than their non-slum dwelling urban counterparts. We sought to contrast the prevalences of selected non-communicable diseases (NCDs) between Brazilian adults living in a slum and the general population of the same city, by comparing the age and sex-standardized prevalences of selected NCDs from a 2010 survey in Pau da Lima, Salvador Brazil, with a 2010 national population-based telephone survey. NCD prevalences in both populations were similar for hypertension (23.6% (95% CI 20.9–26.4) and 22.9% (21.2–24.6), respectively) and for dyslipidemia (22.7% (19.8–25.5) and 21.5% (19.7–23.4)). Slum residents had higher prevalences of diabetes mellitus (10.1% (7.9–12.3)) and of overweight/obesity (46.5% (43.1–49.9)), compared to 5.2% (4.2–6.1) and 40.6% (38.5–42.8) of the general population in Salvador. Fourteen percent (14.5% (12.1–17.0)) of slum residents smoked cigarettes compared to 8.3% (7.1–9.5) of the general population in Salvador. The national telephone survey underestimated the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, overweight/obesity, and smoking in the slum population, likely in part due to differential sampling inside and outside of slums. Further research and targeted policies are needed to mitigate these inequalities, which could have significant economic and social impacts on slum residents and their communities.
Keywords: Epidemiology
Chronic illness
Urban slum
Inequality
Favela
keywords: Epidemiologia
Doença crônica
Favela urbana
Desigualdade
Favela
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: SNYDER, R. E. et al. Differences in the Prevalence of Non-Communicable Disease between Slum Dwellers and the General Population in a Large Urban Area in Brazil. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases, v. 2, p. 47, 2017.
ISSN: 2414-6366
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:BA - IGM - Artigos de Periódicos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Snyder R E Differences in the Prevalence....pdf1.02 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInGoogle BookmarksBibTex Format mendeley Endnote DiggMySpace

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.