Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.arca.fiocruz.br/handle/icict/29960
Title: Prevalence of hepatitis e virus antibodies in individuals exposed to swine in Mato Grosso, Brazil
Authors: Silva, Sabrina Monteiro Tosoncin da
Oliveira, Jacqueline Mendes de
Vitral, Cláudia Lamarca
Vieira, Karina de Almeida
Pinto, Marcelo Alves
Souto, Francisco José Dutra
Affilliation: Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública de Mato Grosso., Cuiabá, MT, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Departamento de Virologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Departamento de Virologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil / Universidade Federal Fluminense. Instituto Biomédico. Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia. Niterói, RJ, Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso. Faculdade de Medicina. Cuiabá, MT, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Departamento de Virologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso. Faculdade de Medicina. Cuiabá, MT, Brasil.
Abstract: This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis E antibodies (anti-HEV) among individuals exposed to swine in the rural areas of the state of Mato Grosso (MT) in Brazil. The study included 310 participants who had an average age of 39 years. fifty-one per cent of the participants were female and 26 (8.4%) were anti-HEV-positive. Concomitantly, we studied 101 blood donors from the urban area of the state capital who had never lived in a rural area or handled swine. Four per cent (4%) of these individuals were anti-HEV-positive (p = 0.206). When we compared the anti-HEV-positive participants who had been exposed to swine with the anti-HEV-negative participants, we noticed associations between the presence of anti-HEV and increased age, a history of blood transfusions and contact with other farm animals. However, after a multivariate analysis was performed, this association was not confirmed. Finally, the ratio of anti-HEV-positive individuals who had been exposed to swine in rural MT was similar to that found in previous studies in Brazil. This prevalence did not characterise this type of exposure as a risk factor for HEV infection in this region.
Keywords: hepatitis E virus
swine
domestic animals
farm workers
zoonotic transmission
occupational transmission
keywords: Vírus da Hepatite E
Porcos
Animais domésticos
trabalhadores agrícolas
transmissão ocupacional
transmissão zoonótica
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Citation: SILVA, Sabrina Monteiro Tosoncin da; et al. Prevalence of hepatitis e virus antibodies in individuals exposed to swine in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, v.107, n.3, p.338-341, May 2012.
ISSN: 0074-0276
Copyright: open access
Appears in Collections:IOC - Artigos de Periódicos

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